53-99-3-PB.pdf - Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Pengeluaran…| Ratna Dewi Wuryandari Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia | Vol 10 No 1 Juni 2015 | 27-42

53-99-3-PB.pdf - Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi...

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27 Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia | Vol. 10 No. 1 Juni 2015 | 27-42 JURNAL KEPENDUDUKAN INDONESIA p-ISSN : 1907-2902 (Print) e-ISSN : 2502-8537 (Online) FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PENGELUARAN MAKANAN, PENDIDIKAN, DAN KESEHATAN RUMAH TANGGA INDONESIA (Analisis Data Susenas 2011) DETERMINANTS OF HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURES ON FOOD, EDUCATION AND HEALTH IN INDONESIA USING THE 2011 SUSENAS DATA Ratna Dewi Wuryandari Puslitbang Tenaga Kerja, Kementerian Ketenagakerjaan Korespondensi Penulis: [email protected] Abstract The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of socio-demographic and socio-economic variables and location of residence on household expenditures for food, education, and health. Regression analysis shows that household life cycle stages, household size and residential areas have consistent effect on the proportion of food expenditure, education expenditure and health expenditure. Larger household size increases proportion of food expenditure, education expenditure and health expenditure. Stages child household and third generation household have the highest influence on education expenditure and health expenditure. Meanwhile, urban household has the largest impact on the proportion of food expenditure, education expenditure and health expenditure. It is also found that households with the highest proportion of food expenditure and with the smallest expenditures on education and health are the ones who have heads of household who are working as free labors or family workers. Keywords: Food Expenditure; Education Expenditure; Health Expenditure; Household Life Cycle Stages. Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh variabel-variabel sosio-demografi, sosio-ekonomi dan wilayah tempat tinggal terhadap pengeluaran rumah tangga untuk makanan, pendidikan, dan kesehatan. Analisis regresi menunjukkan tahapan siklus hidup rumah tangga, jumlah anggota rumah tangga dan daerah tempat tinggal berpengaruh secara konsisten terhadap proporsi pengeluaran makanan, total pengeluaran pendidikan, dan total pengeluaran kesehatan. Semakin banyak jumlah ART meningkatkan proporsi pengeluaran makanan, pengeluaran pendidikan dan kesehatan. Rumah tangga anak dan rumah tangga tiga generasi berpengaruh paling besar terhadap masing-masing untuk pengeluaran pendidikan dan kesehatan. Sementara rumah tangga di perkotaan memiliki pengaruh paling besar terhadap proporsi pengeluaran makanan, pengeluaran pendidikan dan kesehatan. Ditemukan pula bahwa rumah tangga yang memiliki proporsi pengeluaran makanan terbesar tetapi pengeluaran pendidikan dan kesehatannya terkecil adalah rumah tangga yang KRTnya bekerja sebagai pekerja mandiri. Kata Kunci: Pengeluaran Pangan, Pengeluaran Pendidikan, Pengeluaran Kesehatan, Tahapan Siklus Hidup Rumah Tangga
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Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia | Vol. 10 No. 1 Juni 2015 | 27-42 28 PENDAHULUAN Konsumsi merupakan bagian penting dalam kehidupan seseorang. Pemenuhan kebutuhan hidup yang harus dipenuhi setiap hari oleh manusia tidak terlepas dari aktivitas konsumsi. Pengeluaran konsumsi dapat
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