Jurnal 2.pdf - ISSN 2303-1174 Agus S Soegoto Jacky S.B Sumarauw Analisis Manajemen Usaha… ANALISIS MANAJEMEN USAHA PETANI DAN PERTANIAN DI KAWASAN

Jurnal 2.pdf - ISSN 2303-1174 Agus S Soegoto Jacky S.B...

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ISSN 2303-1174 Agus S. Soegoto., Jacky S.B. Sumarauw., Analisis Manajemen Usaha …. Jurnal EMBA 233 Vol.2 No.4 Desember 2014, Hal. 233-245 ANALISIS MANAJEMEN USAHA PETANI DAN PERTANIAN DI KAWASAN AGROPOLITAN DUMOGA UNTUK MENOPANG KETAHANAN PANGAN NASIONAL Oleh: Agus Supandi Soegoto 1 Jacky S.B. Sumarauw 2 1,2 Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Jurusan Manajemen Universitas Sam Ratulangi Manado email: 1 sup[email protected] 2 [email protected] ABSTRAK Pertanian di Sulawesi Utara memiliki peran sentral, terutama dalam upaya untuk mempertahankan ketahanan pangan nasional. Masalah pangan dan ketahanan pangan, berorientasi pada ketersediaan dan distribusi pangan secara merata. Saat ini kebijakan pangan nasional, masih bertumpu pada beras karena beras merupakan bahan makanan utama bagi penduduk Indonesia. Kawasan Agropolitan Dumoga Sebagai Sentra Produksi Padi di Bolaang Mongondow Raya, merupakan sentra utama penghasil Beras, dimana penelitian ini dilaksanakan. Responden penelitian sebanyak 100 petani di 3 kecamatan Dumoga Bersatu. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui: Permasalahan utama dari para petani dan pemerintah daerah dalam upaya untuk mempertahankan Dumoga sebagai sentra produksi padi untuk menopang ketahanan pangan nasional serta manajemen pengelolaan usaha tani dalam upaya menghasilkan produksi padi. Metode penelitian yang digunakan deskriptif kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan produktifitas hasil pertanian di kecamatan Dumoga, mengalami penurunan produksi, termasuk didalamnya infrastruktur pertanian yang tidak mampu meningkatkan produktifitas hasil pertanian. Pemerintah pusat dan daerah juga harus memperhatikan adanya realitas pelambatan trend penawaran tenaga kerja di sektor pertanian. Perubahan tersebut secara sosial disebabkan adanya pandangan masyarakat petani bahwa bekerja sebagai petani sangat berat, secara ekonomis keuntungannya rendah, dan status mereka sebagai petani dipandang rendah, terutama bagi kalangan generasi muda di desa. Kata kunci: sentra produksi, ketahanan pangan, potensi pertanian ABSTRACT Agriculture in North Sulawesi has a central role, particularly as an effort to maintaining national food secured. The food issue and food secure, oriented on the availability and porpotional distribution of food. Today, the national food policy, still rely on rice because rice is Indonesian people main food. Dumoga, as an Agropolitan For Rice Produce Center in Bolaang Mongondow, is a major center for producing rice, where the research was conducted. Research respondents are 100 farmers in 3 districts at Dumoga area’s . The purpose of research to find out: The main concern of farmers and local governments as an effort to maintaining Dumoga as rice produce center in supporting national food secured as well as the management of the farm effort to producing rice. The method used quantitative descriptive. The results showed the productivity of agriculture in t Dumoga district, decreased production, including agricultural infrastructure that not be able to increase agricultural productivity. Central and local governments also have to give attention to the existency of reality
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