Assignment 6.pdf - Introduction to Microbiology SCIN202 Assignment 6(100 points Student Name Student ID Course ID Background Diseases of the respiratory

Assignment 6.pdf - Introduction to Microbiology SCIN202...

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Introduction to Microbiology SCIN202 Assignment 6 (100 points) Student Name: Student ID: Course ID: Background: Diseases of the respiratory, digestive, circulatory and lymphatic and nervous systems are the focus of the homework assignment this week. As you consider the pathogens that cause disease in these systems, think about what are the structural, physical and other barriers in place to resist these pathogens. Background sources: CDC Pneumonia WHO Pneumonia WHO Etiology Pneumonia PubMed Pneumonia Food Poisoning Food Viruses C. difficile Endospores and antibiotics Arthropod Vectors C. tetani MRSA Make sure your answers are complete and thorough (three to five sentences, minimum) Include the in-text citation(s) with each answer, in APA format and in the reference list at the end of this assignment. Use of the course textbook as a source is also expected. Essay Questions (12.5 points each) 1. Describe three features that make the respiratory system prone to infection? The first feature that makes the respiratory system prone to infection is that it is a perfect environment for microbes to grow because it is warm, moist, and full of oxygen. The second feature is that every breath of air is filled with microbes with the potential to cause an infection. The third feature that makes the respiratory system prone to infection is that has a large surface area full of membranous tissue (Parker, 2016, p.959).
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Introduction to Microbiology SCIN202 Assignment 6 (100 points) 2. Pneumonia is a respiratory condition that can accompany an infection of the lungs. Discuss the epidemiology of pneumonia. Define the causes, who are at greatest risk and most common types. Pneumonia is the largest infectious cause of childhood death in the world and is prevalent mainly in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. In 2017, 808,694 children under the age of 5 died. Pneumonia can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungi and the most common types are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), and respiratory syncytial virus. Pneumocystis jiroveci is one of the most common causes of pneumonia deaths in infants infected with HIV. Those who are at the greatest risk of developing pneumonia are children compromised immune systems; pre-existing illnesses, such as symptomatic HIV infections and measles; indoor air pollution; living in crowded homes; and parental smoking (World Health Organization, 2019) 3.
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