KARL MARX - Sleepy Classes.pdf - Entire Sociology Lectures – FREE REGULAR QUALITY Youtube.com/SleepyClasses KARL MARX Quick Idea – Marx was unhappy

KARL MARX - Sleepy Classes.pdf - Entire Sociology Lectures...

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Entire Sociology Lectures FREE. REGULAR. QUALITY Youtube.com/SleepyClasses SleepyClasses.com KARL MARX Quick Idea Marx was unhappy with the societal climate of his time, in which the working class (proletariat) were being exploited by the upper/middle class (bourgeois) by using the labor of the working class to fatten their own wallets. Marx envisioned a revolutionary society in which everyone’s needs are met, and no class divisions exist. This system, also known as “socialism”, was Marx’s vision for the perfect society. In detail In order to survive man must produce. Production is essential. Man must fulfill the basic needs of survival like food, clothing & shelter once the basic needs are fulfilled he creates new. Production - First historical act. In this way the need of production is never ending. Thus, he states that production is not only first historical act but the fundamental condition of history. In order to produce man must enter into relationships with others. He called this as relations of production. Along with the relations man also requires tools, techniques, labour, etc. Marx called these as forces of production. Both are required for the production. RELATIONS OF PRODUCTION In order to produce man must organize or enter into relations. The exact organization varies from era to era & society to society. These are 2 types of relations 1) Relation b/w man & things 2) Relation b/w man & man 1) These relations include ownership or non-ownership.
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Entire Sociology Lectures FREE. REGULAR. QUALITY Youtube.com/SleepyClasses SleepyClasses.com The basic difference is of who controls. In every society these 2 extreme relationships are present since the corruption of private property started. The relation b/w Man & Man is of domination and subordination. The exact nature is in the form of antagonistic cooperation. These relations result into 2 broad stratas in the society, i.e, haves and have-nots. The 2 broad classes present in all existing societies. Haves are the owners & the ones who dominate whereas have nots are non owners & subordinates. The exact relationship varies from society to society. The pattern of ownerships change but the domination & subordination remains. The forces of production Include the material aspect of the production. These have 2 aspects, 1) Man - which include the entrepreneur, worker in a capitalist society. This includes the living component of production having consciousness. 2) Things - which includes tools, techniques, equipments and other non living components. Marx also called them as Means of Production. This also includes skills, technical know how needed for production. Marx believes that the forces of production denote man s control over nature. After all production is nothing but transformation of things found in nature into things with exchange value.
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