PSY220 - Module 2.pptx - Module 2 Developmental Theories Discontinuous Stage Theories Psychodynamic Theory Freud Driven by instincts Self comprised of

PSY220 - Module 2.pptx - Module 2 Developmental Theories...

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Module 2: Developmental Theories
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Discontinuous/ Stage Theories
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Psychodynamic Theory: Freud Driven by instincts Self comprised of Id, Ego, Superego
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Psychosocial Theory: Erik Erikson Student of Freud Emphasized importance of culture in motivations Ego has greater importance Make conscious choices in live to meet social needs Father of developmental psychology Divided lifespan into 8 stages Overcome tasks/ crises  shapes personality
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Psychosocial Theory Continued
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Psychosocial Theory….. Stages can occur more than once Video: https :// Criticized for: Stage model (that completion of one stage is a prerequisite for another) Western perspective on social expectations Ex) searching for identity in adolescence  US middle class culture Some cultures: puberty/ rites of passage= transition into adulthood Some cultures: adolescence have few choices/ don’t make decision
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Cognitive Development Theory: Jean Piaget Stage Theorist Child think differently from adults Maturation (rather than training) brings about change Schemas: cognitive frameworks Assimilation: match with something known Accommodation: expand framework of knowledge to incorporate new https://
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Piaget’s Stages of Development https://
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