183717_2 Hakekat Berlakunya HPI.pptx - Berlakunya HPI didasarkan pada 1 Sumber HPI = Sumber HI 2 Unsur kepent memberantas kjht int’l 3 Kesamaan asas

183717_2 Hakekat Berlakunya HPI.pptx - Berlakunya HPI...

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Berlakunya HPI didasarkan pada : 1. Sumber HPI = Sumber HI 2. Unsur kepent memberantas kjht int’l 3. Kesamaan asas hkm masing2 neg meskipun ada perbedaan sistem hkm nya 4. Berlakunya asas aut punere aut dedere & asas pacta sunt servanda dlm HI
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1. Perjanjian Int’l : Konv Tokyo l963 ttg Kjht yg dilkan di atas psw udara yg berada di atas laut lepas. Unsur-unsur (TP di atas psw udara, Psw sdg berada dlm pnbangan di atas laut lepas; Psw berada di permukaan laut lepas)
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2. Kebiasaan Internasional Sbg Sumber HPI Berlakunya asas universal ter- hadap delict jure gentium dan pelanggaran HAM berat. 3. Prinsip-Prinsip Umum Hukum Sbg Sumber HPI : ● Asas pacta sunt servanda . ● Asas aut punere aut dedere
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4. Putusan Pengadilan Int’l : Penyimpangan asas non-retroaktif (berlaku surut) dlm perkara Pengadilan HAM berat pd IMTN, IMTT, ICTY, ICTR, Hybrid Tribunal (Individual criminal responsibil- ity)
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● Memberantas kejahatan inter- nasional Kejahatan beraspek luas (aspek pelaku, akibat, cara & sarana) melampui bts wil suatu neg. Pemberantasannya perlu krjsm int’l . Bentuk kerjasama interna- sional (Interpol, ekstradisi, Mu- tual Assistance in Criminal Legal Matters).
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a. asas legalitas b. asas non retroaktif c. asas ne bis in idem d. asas kadaluwarsa e. asas territorial f. asas nasional aktif (personal ak- tif) g. asas nasional pasif h. asas universal.
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Hal yang mempengaruhi berlakunya HPI dlm HP Nasional : a. Keinginan neg untuk tunduk thd HI b. Pertanggungjawaban neg atas tindakan/kegagalan mematuhi keten- tuan HI c. Kekhawatiran akan pembalasan neg lain d. Kekuatan/tekanan opini masy in-
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Kesukarelaan neg atas kehen- daknya mentaati HI (HPI).
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