ch04.pdf - Chapter 4 Cultural Influences on Nursing Care Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question_1

ch04.pdf - Chapter 4 Cultural Influences on Nursing Care...

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Chapter 4. Cultural Influences on Nursing Care Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____1. The nurse is preparing to teach a patient of the Asian culture to perform postoperative dressing changes at home after discharge. Which statement made by the nurse indicates cultural competence? a. “Tell me how you feel about your surgery.” b. “Asian people are smart, so this should be easy for you to understand.” c. “American surgeons are highly qualified; I’m sure you will heal quickly.” d. “Will you tell me about any traditional healing practices that you would like to use?” ____2. An unconscious victim of a house fire is brought to the emergency department by the paramedics. Tied to the right wrist is an emblem that appears be a religious talisman. Which action should the nurse take? a. Tape it in place. b. Do nothing with it. c. Remove it and lock it up for safekeeping. d. Place it in a clothing bag with the rest of the patient’s belongings. ____3. A 43-year-old patient of Arab descent is admitted to the hospital. To comply with the state laws of the organization, the nurse offers the patient a Papanicolaou smear, which she refuses. Which action should the nurse take first? a. Notify the physician. b. Report the refusal to the supervisor. c. Explain the rationale for and benefits of the test. d. Tell her it is state law and that she does not have a choice. ____4. A patient who is a Jehovah’s Witness has severe gastrointestinal bleeding and a dangerously low hemoglobin level. The patient is fully alert and competent and refuses to accept the blood transfusion ordered by the physician. Which action by the nurse is most appropriate? a. Obtain a court order to give the blood. b. Administer the blood while the patient is sleeping. c. Have the patient’s spouse sign the consent to have the blood administered. d. Ensure the patient understands possible consequences and then respect the patient’s wishes. ____5. A patient of Mexican descent sees a curandero for asthma; the curandero has prescribed a
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special tea to be taken four times a day to open the airways. How should the nurse respond to this situation? a. Encourage the patient to continue drinking the tea. b. Encourage the patient to drink only one cup of the tea each day. c. Ask the patient to bring in the tea package and have the pharmacist check the ingredients. d. Advise the patient to stop drinking the tea because of potential interactions with other medications. ____6. The nurse is caring for a young adult male patient who refuses personal care from a female nursing assistant. Which approach by the nurse is best? a. Encourage the patient’s family to talk with him about his care. b. Have a registered nurse (RN) help with his personal care.
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