Unformatted text preview: 1. Be able to w
7. Be able to identify what inevitably happens to populations that undergo prolonged
a. Will overshoot carrying capacity and start to crash/ die off
1. Be able to calculate allele frequencies for a given gene pair, given the proportion
of dominant and recessive alleles within a population, for that gene pair
a. Number of allele divided by total number of that same letter. A=10 a=5 A= 10/15
2. Using complete sentences, be able to describe the five conditions that must be
met for a population to undergo no change in the frequency of genes in its gene
pool (The conditions needed for a population to achieve Hardy-Weinberg
a. There must be no random events that differentially eliminate alleles
b. There must be no migration in or out of the population
c. There must be no reproductive or survival advantage to any gene/genotype
d. All mating must occur at random
e. Mutations cannot occur
3. Be able to definem using complete sentences, or identify the terms: gene pool,
allele frequency, genetic diversity, genetic drift, gene flow, environmental
selection, and mutation.
a. Gene Pool: All of the inheritable alleles found within a given population
b. Allele Frequency: Numeric rate at which a gene or allele occurs in a gene pool
relative to the other alleles/genes in its gene pair.
c. Genetic Diversity: The Variety of genes and genotypes in a gene pool
d. Genetic Drift: Changes in gene/allele frequency owing to random factors
e. Gene Flow: Movement of genes into or out of population resulting from migration
f. Environmental Selection: Conditions of habitat create differential survival and
replication of specific alleles.
g. Mutation: An alteration to the nucleotide sequence of a gene.
4. Be able to write, using complete sentences, definitions for the terms: Evolution
and evolutionary fitness
a. Evolution: Changes in gene frequencies in populations over time
b. Evolutionary Fitness: The ability of an organism or allele to survive and
reproduce relative to other individuals or alleles within the population
5. Be able to differentiate between graphs representing the three different patterns of
natural selection. (Directional, stabilizing, disruptive). Be able identify which is
most likely to lead to speciation.
a. Most likely to speciate: Disruptive...
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- Fall '19