Cheska Llana Chong July 17, 2019 An Analysis on Rizal’s Indolence and Jacinto’s Liwanag at DilimI.Introduction The word kalayaancan be translated to independence. This has always been the desire of Filipinos not only during periods of colonialism, but also during oppression. Its root word layawdoes not necessarily mean freedom. In the modern dictionary, the word layawis often associated with being lazy. There is this phrase “laki sa layaw” wherein people associate this with a spoiled child. But the concept of layawand indolence goes a long way back. The concept of layaw is not simply indolence; and layawis not necessarily negative. To understand the true definition of this term, one has to delve deeper into the analysis of Indolence and Liwanag at Dilim. To do so, there must first be an evaluation between Jacinto and Rizal’s views during Spanish colonization, their definition of liberty and light, and their overall general distinctions. And by doing that, one can build a better understanding of the Philippine history, as well as the culture and traditions. II.Summary “Sobre la indolencia de los filipinos” was written by Rizal in response to the Spaniards calling Filipinos indolent. In this essay, he states that indolence cannot be found among the Filipinos but instead is the downward effect that the country is experiencing. And in order, to cure indolence, one must first find the cause of it; but it may only worsen if the wrong treatment was given. Rizal further explains the reasons behind this. The first one he gives is the effect of the hot weather on the Filipinos, stating that hot climate requires rest while a cold one requires labor. He also said that the Philippines was not naturally indolent, that it came when the Spaniards arrived. He argued that before the Spaniards arrived, the natives engaged in mining and agriculture, which disproves the indolence of the Filipinos prior to colonization. Another reason for the indolence is unproductivity, which lies in numerous factors, one of which is caused by the wars and invasions. Because of this destruction which resulted to forced labor, Filipinos had to work in public works and abandoned the industrial and agricultural labor. For the rest who were not killed, they were forced to become nomads and abandoned their lands. Instead, the submitted themselves to the Spaniards. They did not simply surrender as Rizal mentioned; they were just highly outnumbered by the Spaniards that they just gave up. Trade
Subscribe to view the full document.
was also not a good source of income during that time as it declined throughout the years because of the government’s restrictions; yet another reason why the natives abandoned their lands, as there weren’t any use for it. False beliefs in Christianity also contributed a great deal of indolence to the Filipinos, mainly that the more a person suffers, the higher the chance he or she will go to heaven; thus, it is better to be poor. This constant degradation eventually affected a man’s self-esteem. The Spaniards have convinced them that staying silent, aspiring to be