Abood .pdf - Received December 3 2018 accepted Date of publication date of current version Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2889540 A

Abood .pdf - Received December 3 2018 accepted Date of...

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Received December 3, 2018, accepted December 13, 2018. Date of publication xxxx 00, 0000, date of current version xxxx 00, 0000. Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2889540 A Review of Data Analysis for Early-Childhood Period: Taxonomy, Motivations, Challenges, Recommendation, and Methodological Aspects A. H. ALAMOODI 1 , B. B. ZAIDAN 1 , A. A. ZAIDAN 1 , SUZANI MOHAMAD SAMURI 1 , AMELIA RITAHANI ISMAIL 2 , OMAR ZUGHOUL 1 , MOMANI FAIEZ 1 , GHAILAN A. ALSHAFEAY 1 , AND M. A. CHYAD 1 1 Department of Computing, University Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim 35900, Malaysia 2 Department of Computer Science, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 53100, Malaysia Corresponding author: A. A. Zaidan ([email protected]) This work was supported in part by the Ministry of Finance through the Ministry of Education Malaysia, the National Child Data Center System Sustainability Project, under Grant 2018-0068-106-04 and in part by the National Child Development Research Centre, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris. ABSTRACT Early childhood is a significant period when transitions take place in children. This period is a hot topic among researchers who pursue this domain across different scientific disciplines. Many studies addressed social, scientific, medical, and technical topics during early childhood. Researchers also utilized different analysis measures to conduct experiments on the different types of data related to the early childhood to produce research articles. This paper aims to review and analyze the literature related to early childhood in addition to the data analyses and the types of data used. The factors that were considered to boost the understanding of contextual aspects in the published studies related to early childhood were considered as open challenges, motivations, and recommendations of researchers who aimed to advance the study in this area of science. We systematically searched articles on topics related to early childhood, the data analysis approaches used, and the types of data applied. The search was conducted on five major databases, namely, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Web of Science, IEEE Xplore, and PubMed from 2013 to September 2017. These indices were considered sufficiently extensive and reliable to cover our field of the literature. Articles were selected on the basis of our inclusion and exclusion criteria ( n = 233). The first portion of studies ( n = 103/233) focused on the different aspects related to the development of children in early age. They discussed different topics, such as the body growth development of children, psychology, skills, and other related topics that overlap between two or more of the previous topics or do not fall into any of the categories but are still under development. The second portion of studies ( n = 107/233) focused on different aspects associated with health in early childhood. A number of topics were discussed in this regard, such as those related to family health, medical procedures, interventions, and risk that address the health-related aspects,
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