古代漢語-練習三.docx - 四、 北: 1 《說文》:“北,乖也。从二人相背。"句中詞義:乖背,為本義字。 2

古代漢語-練習三.docx - 四、 北: 1...

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四、 北: 1. 《說文》:“北,乖也。从二人相背。"句中詞義:乖背,為本義字。 2. 《尚書.舜典》:“分北三苗。"鄭注:“猶別也。"句中詞義: 分別,為 引申義。 3. 《戰國策.齊策六》:“食人炊骨,士無反北之心。”句中詞義:背叛,為 引申義。 4. 《韓非子.五蠹》:“魯人從君戰,三戰三北。”句中詞義:敗北,為引申 義。 5. 《列子.愚公移山》:“投諸渤海之尾,隱土之北。”句中詞義:北方,為 引申義。 北(本義為乖背,背向)引申義:北方,背叛,敗北,分離。 字: 1. 《說文》:“字,乳也。从子在宀下,子亦聲。”句中詞義:養育孩子,為 本義字。 2. 《山海經.中山經》:“其實於如蘭,服之不字。”句中詞義:生育,為引 申義。 3. 《左傳.成公十一年》:“又不能字人之孤而殺之。”句中詞義:撫愛,為 引申義。 4.
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