music time period reference

music time period reference - THE BIBLE Baroque(1600-1750...

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THE BIBLE Baroque (1600-1750) Flute, oboe, bassoon, keyboard, strings, harpsichord Text followed rhythm, strong instrumental beat 1 mood, ornamentation, melisma, emotion HOMOPHONIC Basso Continuo Opera, Oratorio, Cantata, trio sonata, Concerto Grosso, Aria da Capo Scarlatti : Italian, da Capo, opera. Less harpsichord, more strings. Bach: Chromaticism (in harmony), Immitation. Church music, harpsichord. Fugal but no fugues or operas. 3 rd period: Phrase divisions blurry, phrases uneven. Handel : German/English. Vigorous, choral, harpsichord. Simpler than Bach, less chromatic. Antiphonal Classic (1750-1820) Simple rhythm, steady beat, thematic melody. >1mood, short tunes Sonata, concerto, symphony Light, upper register, melody in upper voices Piano, violin Less tension Contrasting keys—I-V-I (ABA form) Haydn : German. Distributed harmony over instruments, Lively themes, regular phrasing, peasant dance/folksongs. Contrasting keys, slow introductions. Mozart : German. Irregular phrases, strong cadences, contrasting themes. Buoyant, lots of piano pieces. Later more stress & drama. Fugal, chromaticism. Beethoven : German. 2x size orchestra, dark/low piano, programmatic ( Romantic). Romantic (1810-1890) Piano/solo voice, new instruments (saxophone) PROGRAMMATIC Complex rhythm, emotion
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Tempo/meter changes Syncopation, ritardando/accelerando ornamentation Personal to instrument/setting Some modal Heavy, tense, chromaticism, extreme big/small Homophony
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  • Winter '06
  • Furr
  • Baroque music, Concerto grosso, key w/ dissonance, Mozart- Piano Concerto, w/ instrumental accompaniment, w/ rhythmic accompaniment

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