Studio 4_LEED_Green_Associate_Study_Guide_Master 2nd edition.pdf - LEED Green Associate Study Guide Second Edition We do not inherit the earth from our

Studio 4_LEED_Green_Associate_Study_Guide_Master 2nd edition.pdf

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Unformatted text preview: LEED Green Associate Study Guide Second Edition We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors...we borrow it from our children A Study Resource for Green Building and LEED Core Concepts and the LEED Green Associate Exam Process SUSTAINABLEIDEALS LEED Green Associate Study Guide Second Edition publish date: January, 2012 NOTICE DISCLAIMER THIS STUDY GUIDE IS PROVIDED BY STUDIO4 LLC ON AN “AS IS” BASIS. STUDIO LLC MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED AS TO THE INFORMATION, CONTENT, MATERIALS OR PRODUCTS INCLUDED IN THIS DOCUMENT. TO THE FULL EXTENT PERMISSIBLE BY APPLICABLE LAW, STUDIO4 LLC DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. STUDIO4 LLC WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES OF ANY KIND ARISING FROM THE USE OF THESE MATERIALS INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, PUNITIVE, AND CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. The materials herein are intended to be used as supplemental study materials for preparation of the LEED Green Associate examination. This study guide should be considered as a supplement to the study materials as recommended by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) and the Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI). Studio4 LLC makes no guarantees for passing the LEED Green Associate examination. As a condition of use, the user covenants not to sue and agrees to waive and release Studio4 LLC, its officers, directors and volunteers from any and all claims, demands and causes of action for any injuries or losses that the user may now or hereafter have a right to assert against such parties as a result of the use of, or reliance on, this study guide. COPYRIGHT All content included in this study guide is the property of Studio4 LLC and is protected by U.S. copyright laws. You are not permitted to modify, distribute, reproduce, publish, transmit or create derivative documents from any material in this document for any private, public or commercial purposes. You may use this study guide for personal, non-commercial use only, provided that you do not remove any copyright, trademark or other proprietary notices from the downloaded materials without prior written approval from Studio4 LLC. USGBC® and U.S. Green Building Council® are trademarks owned by the U.S. Green Building Council, Inc. (USGBC). GBCI™ and Green Building Certification Institute™ are trademarks of Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI). LEED® is a registered trademark of USGBC, used by GBCI under license from USGBC. Studio4 LLC is not affiliated with, or endorsed by, USGBC®, GBCI™ or LEED®. The content of this study guide is the copyrighted property of Studio4 LLC. All other trademarks in this study guide are the property of their respective owners. If any person or entity believes this document contains copyrighted materials without their permission, please send a notice to Studio4 LLC at [email protected] SUSTAINABLEIDEALS ii LEED® Green Associate Study Guide, 2nd Edition © 2012 Studio4 LLC All Rights Reserved Table of Contents LEED Green Associate Study Guide, Second Edition 1 CHAPTER | 1 Introductory conversations into sustainable design and construction and the associated benefits of the roles of the LEED AP and LEED rating systems Introduction About the Studio4 Study Guide  The Studio4 Green Associate Study Guide Format  A Word About Sustainability A Bit of Study Advice Commentaries: the Value of LEED 2 2 4 4 4 1 10 CHAPTER | 2 An analysis between traditional design and construction practice versus green building strategies and the environmental impacts associated with each Green Buildings and Communities Green Building: Past, Present, Future Green Building Core Principles Traditional Thinking Sustainable Thinking Green Building Benefits Economic Benefits Health and Community Benefits Environmental Benefits The Triple Bottom Line Climate Change and Sustainable Communities Hard Costs Soft Costs Life Cycle Costing Value Engineering Green Building Costs Green Building Core Design Principles The Sustainable Structure of Green Design Integrated Design Approach The Building Program Design Flexibility for the Future Location, Location, Location Credit Interactions Building Commissioning Operations & Maintenance Program ENERGY STAR SUSTAINABLEIDEALS iv 11 12 12 13 14 14 14 14 15 15 16 16 16 16 16 17 17 18 18 18 19 20 20 21 21 10 Table of Contents LEED Green Associate Study Guide, Second Edition Green Buildings and Communities Summary Chapter & Recommended Reference Links 22 24 26 CHAPTER | 3 A review of the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI), Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) and the processes required for, and associated with, LEED certification USGBC, GBCI & LEED Introduction  U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC)  USGBC’s Mission USGBC’s Vision Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)  USGBC, GBCI & LEED Organizational Chart USGBC’s Guiding Principles LEED Green Building Reference Guides LEED Green Building Rating Systems Multiple Building Projects Multiple Certifications Credit Harmonization Carbon Overlay Credit Weightings Regional Priority Credits LEED Pilot Credit Library Project Registration and Certification Commercial LEED Rating Systems Project Certification Levels  Registration Project Administrator LEED AP Eligibility LEED Online Project Checklist Credit Forms and Calculators Certification Process Overview Prepare Application Submit Application Application Review Certification 27 27 27 27 28 28 29 30 30 31 33 33 37 37 38 38 39 39 39 40 40 40 40 41 41 41 42 42 42 42 42 43 26 SUSTAINABLEIDEALS v Table of Contents LEED Green Associate Study Guide, Second Edition Timeline and Project Design Phases  Certification Process Stages Commercial LEED Ratings Systems  LEED for Neighborhood Development LEED for Homes Registration and Certification LEED for Homes Certification Levels How to Participate in LEED for Homes Five Steps to Participate LEED for Homes Certification Stages Project CIRs and LEED Interpretations LEED Credentialing & Credential Maintenance USGBC Trademark Policy and GBCI Logo Guidelines USGBC, GBCI & LEED Summary Chapter & Recommended Reference Links 43 44 44 44 44 44 45 45 45 45 46 47 50 52 54 CHAPTER | 4 A review of the Integrative Design Process that gives teams an opportunity to be rewarded for holding charrettes, having a certain number of team meetings, conducting a thorough site assessment and having a LEED AP as a team member The Integrative Process Integrated Project Delivery (IPD)  Integrated Design Process Holistic, Whole Building Design Objectives The Integrated Project Team Key Project Team Stakeholders and Disciplines Design and Construction Phase Plan Design Charrette Credit Interactions Building Commissioning  The Systems Thinking Approach The Goal Systems Thinking Approach Systems Thinking Systems Leverage Measuring Performance of Sustainable Buildings The Life Cycle Approach Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Life Cycle Costing (LCC) General & Recommended Reference Links SUSTAINABLEIDEALS vi 55 56 57 59 59 60 60 61 61 62 62 62 62 63 68 69 69 69 70 72 54 Table of Contents LEED Green Associate Study Guide, Second Edition Studio4 Office Project: the Program Narrative The Project Location The Project Program Narrative: Predesign 74 74 75 78 CHAPTER | 5 The sustainable goals of the Sustainable Sites category address both the location and the development of the project site Sustainable Sites (SS) Sustainable Sites Overview Location and Linkage Neighborhood Pattern and Design Green Infrastructure and Buildings LEED Boundary Development Density and Community Connectivity Sustainable Sites Strategies Site Selection and Location Site Design Transportation Alternative Transportation - Public Transportation Access Stormwater Management Heat Island Effect Light Pollution Reduction The Triple Bottom Line (People, Planet, Profit) Sustainable Sites Summary Codes & Referenced Standards General Chapter Related Definitions 79 80 81 81 82 82 83 83 84 86 88 88 90 93 94 98 99 99 78 114 CHAPTER | 6 The sustainable goals of the Water Efficiency category address the following areas: Indoor potable water reduction; outdoor potable water reduction; water efficiency as a teaching tool Water Efficiency (WE) Water Efficiency Overview Water Use Reduction Water Efficient Landscaping Innovative Wastewater Technologies  Process Water Use Reduction Water Efficiency as a Teaching Tool Additional Benefits of Reducing Potable Water Consumption Full Time Equivalents (FTEs) 115 116 117 117 117 118 118 118 114 SUSTAINABLEIDEALS vii Table of Contents LEED Green Associate Study Guide, Second Edition Water Type Definitions Water Efficiency Strategies Indoor Water Use Reduction Outdoor Water Use Reduction Process Water Use Reduction Wastewater Reduction The Triple Bottom Line (People, Planet, Profit) Water Efficiency (WE) Summary Codes & Referenced Standards General Chapter Related Definitions  119 120 121 122 123 123 124 125 125 126 132 CHAPTER | 7 The sustainable goals of the Energy and Atmosphere category address the following areas: reducing energy demand; increasing energy efficiency; managing refrigerants; renewable energy; ongoing energy performance Energy and Atmosphere (EA) Energy and Atmosphere Overview Energy and Atmosphere Strategies Reducing Energy Demand Increasing Energy Efficiency Renewable Energy Sources Ensuring Energy Performance Building Commissioning Monitoring and Verification Managing Refrigerants to Eliminate CFCs The Triple Bottom Line (People, Planet, Profit) Energy and Atmosphere (EA) Summary Codes & Referenced Standards General Chapter Related Definitions Additional Recommended Study Resources 133 134 134 135 137 138 139 140 140 142 143 145 145 147 132 154 CHAPTER | 8 The sustainable goals of the Materials and Resources category address the following areas: sustainable construction and materials selection; waste management Materials and Resources (MR) Materials and Resources Overview Life Cycle Impacts Sustainable Materials Construction Waste Reduction SUSTAINABLEIDEALS viii 155 156 156 156 154 Table of Contents LEED Green Associate Study Guide, Second Edition Source Reduction Reuse and Recycling Waste Management Materials and Resources Strategies Materials and Resources Credit Metrics Calculating Material Costs Storage and Collection of Recyclables Building Reuse: Maintain Existing Walls, Floors and Roof Building Reuse: Maintain Interior Nonstructural Elements Materials Reuse Recycled Content Regional Materials Rapidly Renewable Materials Sustainable Purchasing Policies Waste Management The Triple Bottom Line (People, Planet, Profit) Materials and Resources (MR) Summary Codes & Referenced Standards General Chapter Related Definitions 157 157 157 157 157 157 158 158 158 158 158 158 158 159 159 160 161 162 162 170 CHAPTER | 9 The sustainable goals of the Indoor Environmental Quality category address the following areas: indoor air quality; thermal comfort, lighting and acoustics Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) Indoor Environmental Quality Overview Indoor Environmental Quality Strategies Ventilation Contaminants Material Selection Occupant Control of Systems Daylight and Views Acoustics Core & Shell (CS) Schools The Triple Bottom Line (People, Planet, Profit) Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) Summary Codes & Referenced Standards General Chapter Related Definitions 171 173 173 173 174 175 175 176 176 176 176 177 179 180 170 SUSTAINABLEIDEALS ix Table of Contents LEED Green Associate Study Guide, Second Edition 190 CHAPTER | 10 The Innovation in Design credit category awards bonus points for projects that use new and innovative technologies and strategies to improve a building’s performance Innovation in Design (ID) Innovation in Design (ID) Overview Innovation in Design Innovation in Design Strategies Innovative Performance Exemplary Performance Rating System ID Points Path 1: Innovation in Design (Innovative Performance) Path 2: Exemplary Performance 191 191 192 192 192 192 192 193 190 196 CHAPTER | 11 USGBC has identified environmental concerns that are important for every region of the country and offers bonus points for credits that address those regional priorities Regional Priority (RP) Regional Priority (RP) Overview 197 196 202 CHAPTER | 12 For professionals who support green building design, construction, and operations, the LEED Green Associate credential denotes basic knowledge of green building principles and practices, and LEED LEED Green Associate Exam 202 CHAPTER | 13 Acronyms, abbreviations and definitions that may be unfamiliar or have specific meanings in the context of sustainability and green building Acronyms and Glossary of Terms Acronyms & Abbreviations Glossary of Terms SUSTAINABLEIDEALS x 211 219 210 210 Table of Contents LEED Green Associate Study Guide, Second Edition 268 CHAPTER | 14 Additional resources, referenced and not referenced throughout this study guide Appendix Diverse Use Groups Default Occupancy Counts Credit Interactions Referenced Standards by Standards Referenced Standards by Category 268 269 271 273 283 287 SUSTAINABLEIDEALS xi Table of Contents LEED Green Associate Study Guide, Second Edition SUSTAINABLEIDEALS xii Table of Contents LEED Green Associate Study Guide, Second Edition SUSTAINABLEIDEALS xiii The LEED Green Associate exam limits the scope of studies to a general, non-technical degree of knowledge with regard to the basic tenets of sustainability and green building design. CHAPTER | 1 Introduction »» Introduction »» About the Studio4 Study Guide »» The Studio4 Study Guide Format »» A Word about Sustainability »» A Bit of Study Advice »» Commentaries: The Value of LEED »» Why Bother with LEED Certification? »» LEED vs. Green »» Integrated Design Process »» Green Trend Forecasting SUSTAINABLEIDEALS 1 Introduction About the Studio4 Study Guide The Studio4 LEED Green Associate Study Guide, Second Edition, is a third party resource and, as such, recommended to be used as a supplement to U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) and Green Building Certification Council (GBCI) materials. Due to the vast amount of material and data, it would be difficult for any third party study material to convey the evolving message USGBC promotes relative to the green knowledge required for their exams. Those who plan to take any LEED exam are encouraged to download and/or purchase materials as currently recommended by USGBC and GBCI. In an effort to accurately assess an overview of what LEED promotes and teaches, much of this study guide is focused on information and strategies contained within LEED Green Building Reference Guides and LEED Green Building Rating Systems, as well as the USGBC and GBCI websites. USGBC has made a strong commitment to see that the LEED processes and information highways are frequently updated to meet ever changing demands. Therefore, it becomes exceedingly important to be connected in order to remain current. Throughout this guide, links are provided to USGBC and GBCI websites, as well as links to additional green resource sites. Passing the LEED Green Associate exam, Part 1, is a requirement when continuing forward toward any Tier II LEED AP with Specialty exam, Part 2. It would benefit all exam candidates to consider other resources such as online tests offered by third party resources. These tests offer much more than simply answering questions correctly, as they provide a computer based experience similar to that which will be encountered at the actual test site. One recommended source for online tests is Green Building Education Services ( ). Also consider quality green educational websites such as LEEDuser ( ). During your studies, if you encounter difficulties in understanding any aspect of LEED, sign onto the LEED section of the ARE forum and post a question, or just observe the ongoing dialog ( ). It is very important to download the latest version of the LEED Green Associate Candidate Handbook for essential information the exam candidate must be aware of with regard to specific instructions on registering, scheduling, and studying for the LEED Green Associate exam. This free document is available on the Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) website. The Studio4 Green Associate Study Guide Format The logic behind the flow of content in this study guide is rather straightforward. One, deliver an argument in support of building green. Two, provide a description of the organizations and tools responsible for establishing guidance and green strategy parameters, and the project teams and processes responsible for the design and construction of green projects. Three, wrap it up by presenting green strategy parameters available for delivering certified, high performance green projects and communities. Simple—the WHY—the WHO—the HOW. The WHY begins here with the Introduction chapter by presenting 4 short publications from leading sustainable professionals (associated with the USGBC Cincinnati Regional Chapter) as to why they believe, through experience, LEED is a valuable assest to any green building project. The following chapter, Green Buildings and Communities, compares traditional design and SUSTAINABLEIDEALS 2 | Chapter 1 LEED® Green Associate Study Guide, 2nd Edition © 2012 Studio4 LLC All Rights Reserved Introduction building practices—Traditional Thinking—to green design and building practices—Sustainable Thinking. The benefits of green building are presented in 2 general categories—Green Building Core Principles and Green Building Core Design Principles. The WHO starts with the USGBC, GBCI and LEED chapter. These are the organizations and tools that promote the sustainable movement and provide guidance for delivering certified green building projects. The Integrative Process chapter describes the project’s design and construction team members and additional major stakeholders—the Integrated Project Team—who are associated with, and contribute to, the green building project and the tools, procedures and policies they use to deliver high performance green projects. The HOW is detailed through seven chapters, each specific to a category that addresses concerns related to environmental issues that matter most: CO2 emissions, water and energy conservation, conservation and protection of natural resources, and human health. Each of these chapters begin with an overview analysis and then presents more detailed information. • Sustainable Sites • Water Efficiency • Energy and Atmosphere • Materials and Resources • Indoor Environmental Quality • Innovation in Design • Regional Priorities To assist in understanding green building and LEED’s relationship to sustainability, a LEED project has been developed that progressively builds at the end of each sustainable category chapter. From site selection to credit selection, this project presents a broad overview of the integrated design approach for achieving credits in order to produce a cost effective, high performance building. Although this exercise goes beyond the scope of the Green Associate exam, the intent of this project is only to provide a broad overview of how Integrated Project Teams implement the processes and strategies that had been presented. In other words, to put a face on the content. To fully understand what green building is about, it is not sufficient to present a conceptual outline of policies and strategies. Concepts are difficult to understand, require a fair amount of interpretation, and a great deal of memorization in order to retain. How concepts are implemented help to ...
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