hackman and oldman.docx - What is Hackman and Oldham Job Characteristics Model The Job Characteristics Model is a theory that is based on the idea that

hackman and oldman.docx - What is Hackman and Oldham Job...

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What is Hackman and Oldham Job Characteristics Model? The Job Characteristics Model is a theory that is based on the idea that a task in itself is the key to the employee’s motivation. In short, a boring and monotonous job is disastrous to an employee’s motivation whereas a challenging, versatile job has a positive effect on motivation. - Advertisement - The theory specifies five job characteristics that are predicted to benefit individuals’ psychological state and job results. The theory also encompasses individual variables that may function as moderators to represent the relationship between the job characteristics and outcome variables. Work redesign began in the 60s and is aimed at restructuring tasks and responsibilities to make employees more motivated. The idea arose to enrich jobs in ways that would boost motivation instead of merely simplifying the job characteristics to a series of repetitive tasks. The Job Characteristics Model arose from this point of view. In 1980, Richard Hackman and Greg Oldham presented the definitive form of the Job Characteristics Model in their book ‘Work Redesign’. They also created the instruments Job Diagnostic Survey (JDS) and the Job Rating Form (JRF) for assessing constructions based on the theory.
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The Design According to the definitive version of the Job Characteristics Model, five core job characteristics were to invoke three psychological states in employees. These five characteristics lead to a lot of favourable personal and work results. The moderators must moderate the connections between the job characteristics and psychological states, and between the psychological states and the outcomes. Hackman and Oldham define the five job characteristics as follows: Skill Variety Skill variety refers to the degree to which a job demands different
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