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© McDougal Littell Inc. All rights reserved. 42 Unit 4 , Chapter 14 Name Date CHAPTER 14 GUIDED READING Hardship and Suffering During the Depression Section 2 A. As you read about how people coped with hard times, use the chart below to summarize the Great Depression’s effects on various aspects of American life. 2. Housing 3. Farming 4. Race relations 5. Family life 6. Physical health 7. Emotional health B. On the back of this paper, define each of the following terms. Dust Bowl shantytown soup kitchen bread line direct relief 1. Employment 2. Housing 3. Farming 4. Race relations 5. Family life 6. Physical health 7. Emotional health
The Great Depression Begins 45 © McDougal Littell Inc. All rights reserved. Name Date Write a Summary Write a paragraph to summarize what you learned from the graph. CHAPTER 14 SKILLBUILDER PRACTICE Interpreting Graphs Depression statistics often have the most impact when shown graphically. Read the title of the graphs below to identify the main idea. Read the vertical and hori- zontal axes of the graphs. Look at the legends and note what each symbol and unit represents. What trends do you see over certain years? When you compare the two graphs, what conclusions can you draw? Write a paragraph to summarize what you learned from the graphs. (See Skillbuilder Handbook, p. R28.) Section 2 Source: Historical Statistics of the United States $800 $600 $400 $200 0 1929 ’30 ’31 ’32 ’33 Average Yearly Income per Person Average Consumer Spending per Person Income and Spending Unemployment People (in millions) 15 12 9 6 3 0 1928 ’29 ’30 ’31 ’32 ’33
The Great Depression Begins 47 © McDougal Littell Inc. All rights reserved. Name Date Finding Main Ideas The following questions deal with the daily suffering during the Great Depression. Answer them in the space provided. 1. What advantage did people in rural areas have over city-dwellers during the depression? 2. Why were conditions for African Americans and Latinos especially difficult during the Depression? 3. What factors helped to cause the Dust Bowl? 4. How did the Depression affect the country’s children? 5. Why did working women meet with such resentment during the Depression? 6. What social and psychological impact did the Depression have on Americans? CHAPTER 14 RETEACHING ACTIVITY Hardship and Suffering During the Great Depression Section 2
The Great Depression Begins 49 Name Date CHAPTER 14 GEOGRAPHY APPLICATION: MOVEMENT The Great Depression Takes Its Toll Directions: Read the paragraphs below and study the map carefully. Then answer the questions that follow. Section 2 T he effects of the Great Depression were heart- breaking. In 1932, for example, not a single person was employed in 28 percent of the families in the United States. Widespread unemployment contributed greatly to the steep 40 percent fall in average family income in the four years 1929–1933.

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