CRIMINAL VICTIMIZATION & JUSTICE ADMINSTRATION IN INDIA Introduction “Just as medicine treats all patients and all diseases, just as criminology concerns itself with all criminals and all forms of crime, so victimology must concern itself with all victims and all aspects of victimity in which society takes an interest.” 1 The victim constitutes the most important as well as most aggrieved entity in any criminal justice administration. In India, it is widely believed that victims do not have sufficient legal rights and protection, and hence they are considered to be the most neglected entity in entire criminal justice administration. There is a general feeling that unless justice to the victims is made the focal point of the Indian criminal justice administration, the system is likely to become an institution for perpetuation of injustice against the victims . Effects of Crime on victims Crime affects the life of the individuals and victim’s families. It causes serious physical and psychological injuries to the victim and victim’s family. Sometimes due to the consequences of the crime victim suffer financial loss. They feel isolated from the society and want to live alone. It is only in recent decades that the impact of the victimization on crime affected persons drew attention of criminal law jurisdictions around the world and they were convinced that the victims needed to be treated with compassion and their dignity and fundamental rights must be protected and preserved. People by and large have lost confidence in the criminal justice system, victims feel ignored and are crying for attention and justice. Irrespective of the type of victimisation, one-fifth of the victims felt upset and expressed confusion and frustration due to their victimization. The victims felt less safe than non-victims. 1 B. Mendelson, “Victimology and Contemporary Society’s Trends” Victimology 1 (1976), pp. 8-28
Victim’s Right Generally, two rights of victim’s rights are recognized in any sound criminal justice administration. First, victim’s right to participate in criminal proceedings and secondly, rights to seek compensation from the criminal court and from the state for injuries suffered. “Victimology” may be defined as the scientific study of victimization, including the relationships between victims and offenders, the interactions between victims and the criminal justice system; that is, the police and the courts, and correctional officials. It also includes connections between victims and other social groups and institutions, such as the media, businesses and social movements. However, the term victimology is not restricted to the study of crime-victims alone but it may extend to other forms of human rights violations that are not necessarily crimes. The term ‘victim’ in general parlance refers to all those who experience injury, loss or hardship due to any cause and one of such causes may be crime. Therefore, victimology may be defined as the study of people who experience injury or hardship due to any cause. Such injury or harm may be
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