Ch7 - memory retention of information o you remember repeated events most impt events of your life and some of the less impt events o remember many

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- memory – retention of information o you remember repeated events, most impt events of your life, and some of the less impt events o remember many of the most interesting and impt facts you were taught in school and a few of the less useful ones - HERMAN EBBINGHAUS – used list of nonsense syllables, measured how much longer it took to memorize a longer list o Measuring how long it takes to learn a list enables researchers to compare learning under different conditions - Repetition helps - Primary effect – tendency to remember well the 1 st items - Recency effect – tendency to remember the finals items o The distinctive ones are easier to remember, and unusual people and those with unusual names o if you grew up watching sesame street, you can probably remember the names of the characters more quickly than many characters you have watched on TV more recently - memory is not an all or none thing – might remember or forget depending on how someone tests you - enhanced by repetition, distinctiveness, and being either 1 st or last on a lit - we also tend to remember words we learned early in life more easily than those we learned later - anything that distracts attention decreases memory of the next one or more items - free recall – to produce a response, as you do on essay tests or short-answer tests o name all the children in your 2 nd grade class might not remember bc might confuse with those you knew in other grades - cued recall – receive significant hints about the material o given a photograph or a list of their initials will help you remember the names - recognition – offered several choices and asked to select the correct one o people usually recognize more items than they recall o give a list of 60 names and ask to choose correct one (like a multiple choice test) - savings method – relearning method – detects weak memory by comparing the speed of original learning to the speed of relearning o learn a correct list of names faster than a list of people you had never met o you save time when you relearn material that you learned in the past - explicit memory – direct memory – someone who states an answer regards it as a product of his or her memory - implicit memory – indirect memory – an experience influences what you say or do even though you might not be aware of the influence o hear background conversation, hear some words but not the entire discussion now see con__ dis__ might fill it in as conversation and suppose because you just heard those words in the conversation - reading or hearing a word temporarily primes that word and increases the chance that you will use it yourself, even if you are not aware of the influence - brain stores implicit memories differently from explicit memories
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- if people hear a few words repeatedly while they are anesthetized for surgery, the experience primes them to think of those words afterward (an implicit memory), even though they have no explicit memory of hearing those words - procedural memories – memories of motor skill
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course PSYCH 10 taught by Professor Zaidel during the Winter '08 term at UCLA.

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Ch7 - memory retention of information o you remember repeated events most impt events of your life and some of the less impt events o remember many

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