Chapter 26: The Urinary SystemThe intention of this study guide is to provide you with a reference of the concepts you should be able to understand. Do not focus on memorization. Focus on understanding theconcepts! Understand the main functions of the urinary systemGross anatomy of the Urinary SystemKidneysFibrous capsule, Perinephric fat, and Renal fasciaHilumRenal sinusRenal cortex and Renal medullaMinor calyx, Major calyx, Renal PelvisRenal papilla Understand the flow of the blood to kidneys and out of the kidneys (renal arteries and renal veins)Renal nerves and their importance in the physiological activities of the kidneyWhat are Nephrons? Understand the structure and function of the nephrons 1)Renal corpuscleGlomerular (Bowman’s) capsuleCapsular outer layer Visceral layer Capsular spacePodocytesGlomerulus (capillary network)Intraglomerular mesangial cellsHow does filtration happen?