APUSH-Ch-20-Notes (1).pptx - BECOMING A WORLD POWER...

This preview shows page 1 - 7 out of 20 pages.

BECOMING A WORLD POWER American Imperialism (1877- 1917)
ESSENTIAL QUESTION To what extent was the late nineteenth-century and early twentieth century United States expansionism a continuation of past United States expansionism and to what extent was it a departure?
QUESTIONING THE CAUSES Why would the United States choose to enter the competition for foreign lands and markets? George Washington’s Warning “entangling alliances” Causes of US Imperialism: Economic Industrialization, Competition, Need for Markets Desire for world power?
For Imperialism Economic Growth Markets Investments (banana republics) Promote Security Expand Navy - Naval Advisory Board 1881 Preserve American Spirit Social Darwinism Imperialism: Pros & Cons Anti-Imperialism Economic Expansion  Regional Tension  War US Navy not capable of protecting overseas empire US should not be potential leaders of oppressed foreign peoples Parallel to treatment of American Indians Manifestations William Jennings Bryan Anti-Imperialist League (1898) - Phillipines
WILLIAM H. SEWARD Secretary of State (1861-1869) Annexations and Purchases Nicaragua Midway (1867) “Seward’s Folly” (1867) $7.2 million Lasting Influence Kept England & France out of Civil War Invoked Monroe Doctrine against Napoleon III in Mexico Inspired trade treaty w/Hawaii (1875)
THE “NEW” IMPERIALISM International Darwinism Imperialism “White Man’s Burden” Missionaries Josiah Strong – white, American Protestants have duty to colonize and spread Christianity Politicians- Republicans endorse the use of foreign affairs to search for new markets Henry Cabot Lodge – for global expansion Naval Power The Influence of Sea Power Upon History (Alfred T. Mahan, 1890) – strong navy crucial to securing foreign markets and becoming a world power Impact of Asst. Sec. of Navy (Roosevelt)- Convince Congress to fund growth of steel ships and naval expansion Popular Press Sensationalist journalism – print of adventurous stories, stimulate public interest

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture