PS40Lecture3Notes

PS40Lecture3Notes - PS40 Week 2, Lecture 3 Notes: The Logic...

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PS40 – Week 2, Lecture 3 Notes: The Logic of American Politics 1. Free Riding 2. Tragedy of the Commons 3. Prisoner’s Dilemma B. Institutions Induce Cooperation a) Intro: In politics, choice breed conflict, conflict comes in many forms: conflicting interests, values, opinions. Politics is the process of allocating scarce resources. Decision of: who gets what, how much, and why? 1. Political decisions are often about collection acts: who to elect president, how much money to spend on national defense, etc. 2. Successful politics requires compromise and bargaining. The more people involved in the process, the more complex and divisive issues become. 3. Effective formal institutions help us structure negotiation and decision-making on issues. 4. A stable group (formal institution) survives by establishing rules and procedures for reaching and enforcing agreements necessary for successful collective action. Necessity for a methodical approach. 5. Nations face considerable challenges: Large numbers of participants, issues are complex, enforcing agreements may be difficult. Nations need
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course POL SCI 40 taught by Professor Schwartz during the Spring '06 term at UCLA.

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PS40Lecture3Notes - PS40 Week 2, Lecture 3 Notes: The Logic...

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