PS40Lecture5Notes - PS40 Week 3 Lecture 5 Notes Federalism...

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PS40 - Week 3, Lecture 5 Notes: Federalism 1) Background a. federalists v. anti federalist i. Madison had to show federal power would not be tyrannical ii. People wanted the states to have the most power b. Growth of federal power i. Circumstances (Great Depression) ii. Supremacy, Elastic, Commerce Clauses iii. Supreme Court interpretation of the Constitution 2) Federalism Definition a. Mixes a confederation, in which the lower level has real power, and the unitary i. American federalism contains both dual and shared federalism ii. Authority is divided between distinct levels of government. iii. Division in the US between the national and state governments. b. Central Government i. Establishes national policies ii. Raises and distributes funds to local units to carry out policy c. Lower level units function primarily as administrative apparatuses. d. Spheres of Sovereignty Distinction i. National responsible for foreign policy and defense ii. States for health and education. e. Dual Federalism: the indefinite authority Madison assigned to state governments has shifted to the national side.
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