MCPHS LIB 120 Exam 4 Study Guide.pdf - EXAM 4 Study Guide...

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EXAM 4 Study Guide When you are studying, I want to remind you to: 1)Review the concept in your notes, Power Point & textbook. 2)Then push your book away from you. 3)Think of ONE applied example of the topic. Why is the topic of use to us? Why do we bother studying it? 4)Use the self-reference effect! Think of ONE way that this topic has happened/could happen/you have seen it in real life. 5)How could these concepts be helpful/useful to YOU as a healthcare provider? In what ways might you need to USE them? Chapter 8Personality oA person's internally based characteristic ways of acting and thinking Freudian Classical Psychoanalytic Theory oWhat does the psychoanalytic approach to personality argue? Emphasize the interaction of unconscious forces Suggest that childhood experiences play a central role in our personalities as adults oFreud Received a medical degree and was a clinical neurologist treating patients with emotional disorders Believed sex was a primary cause of emotional problems and was a critical component of his personality theory Remains an important influence in Western culture How freud would conduct psychoanalysis
oThe therapist will begin to understand these unconscious forces through an interpretation of dreams, free associations, resistances, etc. oFreud’s Three Levels of Awareness Conscious mind Freud's term for what we are presently aware of Preconscious mind Freud's term for what is stored in memory that one is not presently aware of but can access Unconscious mind Freud’s term for the part of our mind that we cannot become aware of oFreud's Three-Part Personality Structure The id The original personality and the only part present at birth Contains the part of personality out of which the other two parts of our personality emerge Resides in the unconscious mind Includes biological instinctual drives, the primitive parts of our personality located in our unconscious Operates on a pleasure principle The superego Represents one's conscience and idealized standards of behavior in their culture

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