ch4ak - Econ 2: Principles of Economics Chapter 4 Questions...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Econ 2: Principles of Economics Chapter 4 Questions for Review 1. A competitive market is a market in which there are many buyers and many sellers of an identical product so that each has a negligible impact on the market price. Another type of market is a monopoly, in which there is only one seller. There are also other markets that fall between perfect competition and monopoly. 2. The quantity of a good that buyers demand is determined by the price of the good, income, the prices of related goods, tastes, expectations, and the number of buyers. 3. The demand schedule is a table that shows the relationship between the price of a good and the quantity demanded. The demand curve is the downward-sloping line relating price and quantity demanded. The demand schedule and demand curve are related because the demand curve is simply a graph showing the points in the demand schedule. The demand curve slopes downward because of the law of demand—other things being equal, when the price of a good rises, the quantity demanded of the good falls. People buy less of a good when its price rises, both because they cannot afford to buy as much and because they switch to purchasing other goods. 4. A change in consumers' tastes leads to a shift of the demand curve. A change in price leads to a movement along the demand curve. 6. The quantity of a good that sellers supply is determined by the price of the good, input prices, technology, expectations, and the number of sellers. 7. A supply schedule is a table showing the relationship between the price of a good and the quantity a producer is willing and able to supply. The supply curve is the upward- sloping line relating price and quantity supplied. The supply schedule and the supply curve are related because the supply curve is simply a graph showing the points in the supply schedule. The supply curve slopes upward because when the price is high, suppliers' profits increase, so they supply more output to the market. The result is the law of supply— other things being equal, when the price of a good rises, the quantity supplied of the good also rises. 8. A change in producers' technology leads to a shift in the supply curve. A change in price leads to a movement along the supply curve. 9. The equilibrium of a market is the point at which the quantity demanded is equal to quantity supplied. If the price is above the equilibrium price, sellers want to sell more than buyers want to buy, so there is a surplus. Sellers try to increase their sales by cutting prices. That continues until they reach the equilibrium price. If the price is below the equilibrium price, buyers want to buy more than sellers want to sell, so there is a shortage. Sellers can raise their price without losing customers. That continues until
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 11

ch4ak - Econ 2: Principles of Economics Chapter 4 Questions...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online