Sociology Lecture- chapter 5.docx - Sociology Lecture...

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Sociology Lecture Chapter 5- socialization 2017-10-23 Socialization: the lifelong social experience by which individuals develop their human potential and learn culture. Personality: A person’s fairly consistent patterns of thinking, feeling and acting. Human Development: Nature and Nurture The Biological Sciences, the Role of Nature; initially, Europeans linked cultural differences to biology. The Social Sciences, the Role of Nurture; behaviourism holds that behaviour is not instinctive but learned. - Isolation (being cut from the social world) can cause permanent developmental damage. Understanding Socialization- six researchers have made lasting contributions to our understanding of development. 1. Sigmund Freud 2. Jean Piaget 3. Lawrence Kohlberg 4. Carol Gilligan 5. George Herbert Mead 6. Erik H Erikson Sigmund Freud’s Elements of Personality -Basic human needs: Eros and Thanatos as opposing forces. -Freud’s model of personality -ID: basic drives -EGO: efforts to achieve balance -SUPEREGO: culture within - personality development: id and superego are in constant states of conflict with the ego balancing the two. -CRITICAL REVIEW ON SLIDES Jean Piaget Theory of Cognitive Development -Cognition: How people think and understand -Stages of development:
-Sensorimotor stage: sensory contact understanding -Preoperational stage: use of language and other symbols -Concrete Operational stage: perception of casual connections in surroundings.

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