ACABS_Exam_2_Terms - Physical Body doesn't go anywhere...

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Physical: Body doesn't go anywhere after death, needs to be dealt with in a hurry because of decay, HEART: knew it pumped blood, seat of intelligence and memory, center of thought, not emotions, makes a record of a persons life, after death retains record of life and compared to Ma'at KA: life force, animating force, spiritual twin or double of the person, doesn't exist on its own, needs body, or name or statue BA: spiritual aspect of the person that can move around freely during the day, represented as a bird with human head, essential to life, inner voice that ones listens to, emotional component, can travel after death, do many things NAME: cartouche, name is the person, last resort for KA if statue and body are not available, elites had their name everywhere, more frequent it was less chance it would get erased SHADOW: connected to body, but can leave body, don't know why its important AKH: "effective spirit" goal to become one, go through journey that has many tests that judges them, tested on whether they maintained ma'at, then become “true of voice” and move on to afterlife Interaction of living with dead: has tomb or tomb chapel, leaves offering to make dead people happy, write letters leave on plates with food, Ancestor Busts: one image sttandin for all dead relatives, treat similarly to how someone treats tomb Story of Setna: about the king and the magical book "Harper’s songs": reminds us to enjoy life while we are living it because death is just around the corner, need to enjoy life on earth because no one knows what happens after death Skepticism and counter-skepticism: counter skeptics say look forward to death because it is a reuniting with dead relatives OSIRIS: first mummy, example of rebirth cycle SUN-GODS: creator, sun setting and rising cycle Preservation of body: Mummification, Mummy: climate good for preserving, decays faster, religious act, expensive, labor intensive, much skilled labor Greek writers: Herodotus: 5 th century BC, used iron to remove brain, talks about 3 different levels of mummification Diodorus Siculus: copies herodutos, legend of man who cuts into body and then is chased out Herodotus on three grades of mummification: cheap, medium, expensive for the three classes Mummification process: Embalmers take body away: like priest, have some importance, most find it weird, Clean: pratical, nice tidy apearence, ritual significance, like ritual cleansing by priest Organ removal: Viscera: remove brain through nose or back of head, never throw away any organs, put organs into
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