Indian Removals - Indian Removals and the"Trail of Tears...

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Indian Removals and the “Trail of Tears” Native Americans and the US Constitution Specifically mentioned Native Americans o Made clear that these first nations where not a part of the U.S. They would not be counted for purposes of determining representatives They were not citizens They would not be taxed o Congress given power “regulate commerce within foreign nations” There was pretty broad agreement that the first nations were like foreign nations Dealt with by treaties  US Policy re Native Americans, 1790-1820 5 nations: Cherokee, Creeks, Choctaws, Seminoles, Chickasaws Land acquisition o Main goal o White settlement and disease had decimated Indian troops  o Only a few tribal remnants from Maine to Georgia along the coast In the West there were still tribes but there were under siege Cede land to the U.S. but they knew that they were great numbers of Anglos that wanted to  move west over the Appalachian mountains Civilize and Christianize o Encouraged by clergy men, reformers, government officials, people mostly in the east o Fewer Indians challenging Anglos in the east Assimilate them into American society o White American on the western edge of the original 13 colonies were in struggle with Native  Americans Believed they were beyond hope for assimilation Believed there were savages Some had grudging respect for Native Americans- admire simplicity of life, respect,  independence, courage, bravery, loyalty, determination to survive o 1600 throughout the 19 th  century the action was that the Anglos wanted their land o Reformers knew that assimilation was the only way for the Native Americans to survive otherwise they  would Assimilation into white society—Indians would need to break away from all things Native  American; they had to not act like Native Americans but instead basically become like the  white settlers There was no mix of Native American culture, religion, traditions—their ideas, government,  culture was wrong and they needed to break away from it United States Policy for Native Americans o Quakers sent missionaries 1787-Society Gospel among Indians-had some success for Indians who were under Anglo  American control politically and had been defeated politically 1793 they appropriated 23 million dollars for education among Native Americans went to  church groups to establish schools
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