100%(2)2 out of 2 people found this document helpful
This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
1LECTURE NOTESUCLA Department of Political Science Fall 2007 PS 40 Introduction to American Politics Prof. Thomas Schwartz Hunk 3 Types and Traits of Government The following typology of governments provides a vocabulary for later discussion. Representative: Governed by officers responsible to an electorate. That electorate may be small: not necessarily all the people get to vote. Opposite: Authoritarian(government’s will is imposed on people; it is not responsible to those it governs). Democratic: Ultimate power held by the mass of people. In this comparatively narrow sense, democracy is not a bundle of all possible virtues, just this one. Opposite: Autocratic(one-man rule), oligarchic(self-appointed ruling clique), or aristocratic(rule by nobility based on birth). There are two types of democracy: Direct: People vote directly on all questions of policy. Example: New England towns run by town meetings. This is rare in pure form, but some democracies, notably Switzerland and California, are partly direct: many important decisions are made by referendum, and in California many referenda are initiated by voters through petition.
has intentionally blurred sections.
Sign up to view the full version.