lecture5 - UCLA PS 40 Department of Political Science...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 UCLA Department of Political Science Fall 2007 PS 40 Introduction to American Politics Prof. Thomas Schwartz Hunk 5 The Constitution and Whence it Came The Founding Fathers took these steps to create our Constitution: 1777 The Articles of Confederation are proposed. 1781 The Articles of Confederation are ratified. 1786 The Annapolis Convention settles water problems among Potomac states and asks Congress to call a wider convention of states to address problems of governance under the Articles. 1787 Congress does four things: 1. A Congressional committee under Charles W. Pickney III starts revision of the A of C. 2. Congress enacts the Northwest Ordinance. 3. Congress calls a Federal Convention to revise the A of C. 4. Congress submits the new constitution to the states for ratification. 1787-1788 The states ratify the Constitution (now with a capital C ). Eventually 27 amendments are added. But apart from them the U.S. Constitution consists of a Preamble (We the people…) and seven articles : -- Article I - Congress Congress, the national legislature, consists of a House of Representatives, with state representation proportionate to state population, and a Senate, in which each state has two votes. The House is popularly elected for two-year terms. The Senate was elected by state legislatures (no longer) for six-year terms, staggered so one-third is chosen every
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 two years. Congress has the power to tax the people directly and to spend and borrow. Congress can also regulate commerce and provide for national defense. Article I is most of the Constitution. Article II—Executive There is a President, who has the power to command the armed forces, appoint federal officers, and veto legislation. The President is chosen by an electoral college (as it has come to be called) whose members are elected by the states, each state casting as many electoral votes (as they have come to be called) as it has Representatives and Senators. State law says how electors are chosen - - nowadays by popular vote. Article III—Judiciary Federal judges have life tenure. The Constitution establishes a Supreme Court. Lower-level courts are left for Congress to authorize. Article IV—Interstate Comity Provides for states to get along with each other; for example, they must recognize each others’ contracts and other legal acts and extradite suspected criminals. Article V—Amendments An amendment to the Constitution must be proposed by a two-thirds vote in both houses of Congress, or by a convention called by Congress at the behest of two-thirds of the states. It must then be ratified by three-fourths of the states legislatures or ratifying conventions. Article VI—Federal Supremacy Whenever state and federal laws conflict, federal laws take precedence.
Background image of page 2
3 Article VII—Procedure for ratification The Constitution takes effect when ratified by a majority of votes in the elected ratifying conventions of nine states. The Federal Convention
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 14

lecture5 - UCLA PS 40 Department of Political Science...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online