1UCLA Department of Political Science Fall 2007 PS 40 Introduction to American Politics Prof. Thomas Schwartz HUNK 13 THE PRESIDENCY: STRUCTURE AND POWERS Here we turn to the executive branch. Most of it, indeed most of the U.S. government, is the bureaucracy– all the offices and civil servants who do most of the day-to-day work of regulating your behavior and providing you with services. But today we shall examine only the top of that iceberg, the President and his immediate subordinates. Constitutional Source of Executive Powers Article IIof the Constitution establishes the executive. It is remarkably short but for the lengthy statement about presidential elections. The President is made Commanderin Chiefand given the power to enforcethe law, appointtop subordinates and judges, negotiatetreaties, receiveforeign diplomats, commission officers, conveneCongress, and vetolegislation. Article Iof the Constitution establishes the Legislative branch. When making laws, this branch designsand financesmuch of the executive branch and delegatesits own powers to that branch. Without such delegation, there would not be much of an executive branch. Organization of the Executive Branch Immediately below the President, the executive branch has 2 parts: the Executive Office of the President, and the Departments and Agencies.
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