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1N.B. Final Exam: Ackerman Grand Ballroom 12/10 3:00 UCLA Department of Political Science Fall 2007 PS 40 Introduction to American Politics Prof. Thomas SchwartzHUNK 19 THE END Now we summarize the course. 1.Congress •Powers •Organization (remember the nuts and bolts) •Strategy -Incentives (electoral connection) -Manipulation - legislative agenda Saving (LBJ) and killer (Chauncey DePew) amendments exploit sincere or strategic voting and the presence or absence of political cover -Vote trades 2.Executive Branch •Powers of the President •Organization (White House, Cabinet, agencies) •Control of Bureaucracy (problem of governance, or implementing laws and polices) - Agency Problem (principal-agent relationship) - Congressional Oversight (an instance of the agency problem)
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2Congress typically uses fire alarms rather than police patrols to Control bureaucracy. 3.Voters •Why vote? (A puzzle) •Who votes? (The more educated, but not clear exactly why; age, marriage, mobility, and public employment also boost voting) •Parties - Functions and Organization (remember the nuts and bolts) - Groups (different groups constitute the core supporters of each party. Each party “owns” particular groups) - Issues (each party “owns” particular issues) - History •Voting Rules - Plurality Rule (important in primaries when there are more than two candidates) - Single-member districts - District maps (outcomes of elections depend on how citizens are divided into districts; gerrymandering) - Electoral College (the important thing is that a state puts all of its delegates up for grabs by a single candidate: the winner takes all) •Models to predict presidential-election outcomes - Personal assets (experience + charisma = evident ability) - Party assets (Candidates appeal to their parties’ core support groups