Chapter 13.pptx - Chapter 13 Religious Civilizations...

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Chapter 13Religious Civilizations Interacting: Korea, Japan, and Southeast Asia, 100 – 1400 CE
Korea to 1450Korean peninsula is mountainous in the north and slightly less hilly in the south
Korea to 1450Ethnically, Koreans probably originated in Central AsiaLanguage related to Mongolian, Manchu, and possibly JapaneseFirst state, c.1000 BCE, was the Choson kingdom, with capital at Pyongyang
Korea to 1450Evidence of Chinese influence from 900 BCE onward Evidence includes agricultural techniques and tools, and bronze smeltingIron smelting established in Korea by fifth century BCEHan conquered most of Korea by 108 BCE and used Pyongyang as regional capital
Korea to 1450Han conquests led Koreans to create Three Kingdoms: Koguryo, Paekche, and SillaKoguryo, Paekche, and Silla often fought with one another for control of the peninsula
KoryoKaesang conquered by Mongols in 1231, although the state held on until 1259Mongol control of China ended in 1368, and Ming Dynasty of China plans to invade Korealine and overthrown by Wong Kon in 918, who establisheital to Kaesong, designed in imitation of Chang’an in ChinPulguksa Temple, Sillac.535
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Korea to 1450Yi Song-gye creates Choson kingdom in 1388, as a tributary of Ming ChinaKorea plagued by social tensions and economic disparity between landlords and tenantsYi Dynasty created two new social classes, each of which took examsYongban class were the scholar-gentry, from the high civil and military classesChungin were the minor officials
Korea to 1450

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