Session 14 - Literature Search and Literature Review.pptx -...

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Literature searchingand literature reviews
AimsTo introduce the skills needed to undertake literature surveys
Learning objectivesUnderstand the process of literature surveysDefine and conduct a literature searchManage information obtained during a literature searchUnderstand how to conduct critical evaluationWrite a literature review
IntroductionOne of the main section of your final report is the literature reviewEven for the practically-based programming projects with a piece of software as the maincomponentLiterature survey includesLiterature search and Literature reviewLiterature searchRepresents mechanics of looking for, sorting, managing and digesting the available materialsLiterature reviewRepresents your written understanding, critical evaluation, conceptualization andpresentation of the material you have obtainedThe important closely related skill is referencing (will be discussed later)
Purposes of literature surveyIt justifies your projectYour project is worth doing; the area is recognized and meaningfulIt sets your project within contextBy discussing and critically evaluating past and current research in this areaIt provides others with starting point to understand your projectOther researcher can read this to understand your project and can continuefrom where you left of
Justification
Context
The literature survey processThe ‘spiralling in’ efect means you will get more focus to the main topic
Literature searching
IntroductionA literature search is “systematicgathering ofpublishedinformationrelated to a subject”SystematicYou should progress and then identify boundaries and when to stopPublished/recognizedAssessed (tested, proved to be worth) by experts in the fieldUsing material from Internet (e.g., Wikipedia) only will lower your gradeTwo golden rules to followAllow plenty of time (so should start as soon as possible)Ensure that you make note of the full reference of any material you obtain
Assessing whether a material isworth readingAssessing booksBegin with the titleMove to contents listingScan the index for keywords that are important for youCheck if the author is well recognized in this fieldIs the book up-to-dateAssessing articlesBegin with titleCheck if it is up-to-date (or may be overtaken by other publications?)Read the abstract and keywordsLook at the list of references at the back (are key works cited?)Read the introductionRead the summary/conclusionsAssess its level (technical, readable, review, introductory, etc)

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