Session 14 - Literature Search and Literature Reviewx - Literature searching and literature reviews Aims \u2022 To introduce the skills needed to

Session 14 - Literature Search and Literature Reviewx -...

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Literature searching and literature reviews
Aims To introduce the skills needed to undertake literature surveys
Learning objectives Understand the process of literature surveys Define and conduct a literature search Manage information obtained during a literature search Understand how to conduct critical evaluation Write a literature review
Introduction One of the main section of your final report is the literature review Even for the practically-based programming projects with a piece of software as the main component Literature survey includes Literature search and Literature review Literature search Represents mechanics of looking for, sorting, managing and digesting the available materials Literature review Represents your written understanding, critical evaluation, conceptualization and presentation of the material you have obtained The important closely related skill is referencing (will be discussed later)
Purposes of literature survey It justifies your project Your project is worth doing; the area is recognized and meaningful It sets your project within context By discussing and critically evaluating past and current research in this area It provides others with starting point to understand your project Other researcher can read this to understand your project and can continue from where you left of
Justification
Context
The literature survey process The ‘spiralling in’ efect means you will get more focus to the main topic
Literature searching
Introduction A literature search is “ systematic gathering of published information related to a subject” Systematic You should progress and then identify boundaries and when to stop Published/recognized Assessed (tested, proved to be worth) by experts in the field Using material from Internet (e.g., Wikipedia) only will lower your grade Two golden rules to follow Allow plenty of time (so should start as soon as possible) Ensure that you make note of the full reference of any material you obtain
Assessing whether a material is worth reading Assessing books Begin with the title Move to contents listing Scan the index for keywords that are important for you Check if the author is well recognized in this field Is the book up-to-date Assessing articles Begin with title Check if it is up-to-date (or may be overtaken by other publications?) Read the abstract and keywords Look at the list of references at the back (are key works cited?) Read the introduction Read the summary/conclusions Assess its level (technical, readable, review, introductory, etc)

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