Week 2 Gender _ Social Perceptions-Learning

Week 2 Gender _ Social Perceptions-Learning - Outline on...

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Outline on GENDER, SOCIAL PERCEPTION, and LEARNING Gender Differences in Communication o Men and women have similar communication practices Problems arise because: 1) Men view conversations as negotiations of status and  power (more than women) 2) Men dominate conversation talk time and are less hesitant  to interrupt o Men = Report talk o Women = Rapport talk o Women are more indirect than men with requests o Women are better at reading nonverbal cues Dialogue o Gender tension comes from men using objective report talk and asserting  control via giving advice and arguing in conversation. Women tend to work  on relationships by talking about personal issues and men give them  advice because they think women are seeking it – this misunderstanding  of certain conversations is the a main cause of gender difficulties in  communication. Pg. 420-421 [Ch 14] Cross-Cultural and Gender Issues in Leadership o Harmony and Connectedness of the East vs. Heroic Style of the West These values influece employee expectations and can cause  troubles for companies that expand into other contries or do  business with other countries. Leaders that deviate from societal expectations are viewed as  ineffective. o Project GLOBE (Global Leadership & Organizational Behavior  Effectiveness) “Charismatic visionary” is universally  believed by middle managers  to be characteristic of effective leaders  Visionary, inspirational, performance orientation, integrity,  and decisiveness
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Participative leadership valued in low power-distance cultures (U.S.  = Low power-distance) o Gender Differences in Leadership Culturally, women are raised to be more egalitarian and less status- oriented which is why they are viewed as better team-oriented  leaders Women adopt a participative leadership style more readily  than males There are differences in the expectations of male and female  leaders and deviation will cause negative evaluations CP: Cleveland, Stockdale, & Murphy (2000) Gender Stereotypes & Perception o F: integrative-expressive, reflecting an emotional, nurturing component o M: adaptive-instrumental, reflecting competence, achievement, and  suppression of affect o Both race and gender are variables that affect stereotypes o Women face more barriers than men in most jobs based on gender  stereotypes Expectations are also heavily influence by stereotypes o Most behaviors are learned and associating them with gender may  reinforce the association of that behavior with gender VOCAB from CP Access Discrimination o Behavioral manifestation of stereotypes and prejudicial attitudes; refers to  neg. (sometimes pos.) action taken toward a particular group to limit 
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