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History 1320Exam 1 Notes8/30/2018Westward ExpansionCivil war being fought in the east, there was a lot of conflict in the west with Native AmericansUnited states army was divided into 7 departmentso6 of them were stationed in the West (fighting Native Americans)Robert E Lee was a part of the confederacy Many northerners were anti-slavery but everyone was NOT an abolitionistoNot actively involved in ending slavery, just didn’t want it to spreadMany of the officers in charge of the Indian reservations wereoften corruptoBc of this the native Americans weren’t supplied and would leave the reservation to go hunt for their people Many native Americans took sides in the Civil War, to advance their own interests oMany signed contracts with the confederacy because they thought if they won maybe the government would have as much as control, also a lot of native Americans had slavesoCherokee sided with the confederacy For the non-land owning, poor Native Americans, they chose to fight with the United StatesoMostly for economic issuesoMany Native Americans who chose to fight with the Confederacy actually switched sides and ended up fighting with the United States Mid 1862 the Sioux were in the middle of starvationoDakota War of 1862 Attacked white reservationsAfter the attack, Minnesota set a reward of $200 for every red skin dead
December 26, 1862 – 38 Sioux tribe members were hung (biggest mass execution to this day)Sand Creek MassacreoUnited States gave a tribe the right to leave the reservation to hunt, the United States formed a militia to get them back onto the reservation, even though theNative Americans were told they could leave and they didn’t want any conflict. they ended up killing many native Americans, including women and children. Mahpiua Luta (Red Cloud)oLeader of the Sioux to fight the United States.oThe treaty of ____ gave the Sioux the right to occupy the Black Hills, as long as the grass still grows. Gave peace between U.S. and SiouxNot shortly after, Gold was discovered in the Black Hills. George Armstrong Custer went and scoped it out, many people found out and attacked the Black Hills, in violation of the treaty.Native Americans killed Custer and 270 of his menJuly 4th, 1876oSoldiers were massacred by Native AmericansBattle at bull horn?????oUsed to eliminate Native AmericansoSioux were defeated 1889 Ghost Stance Movementodreamed of day when whites would disappear, buffalo would reappear, and Native Americans could practice their religious practicesoUS government didn’t believe them, they believed they were planning an uprising. they attacked the religious ceremony and killed many Native Americans, including women and children. Known as the Battle of Wounded Knee400 years of conflicted between Native Americans and United States ended.