soc nationalism - Common sensical Natural primordial...

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Common sensical - Natural, primordial, eternal, essential (Sleeping Beauty) Vs. Academic definitions - Constructed, engineered, new, modern, contested (the bride of Frankenstein) 3 Main Social constructivist tenets Nations, nationalism, nations states, national identity, are modern phenomena Nations are historically contingent Nations are socially constructed Demonstrating the modernity of national phenomena Nations - cultural homogeneity, live within bounded territory, pledging allegiance to a state Nations-states - there are currently about 194 nation states. In 1914 there were 30 nation states. Made my war or diplomatic events National identity - made by schools, languages Hosbawn and Gellner- Nationalism is a political principle that maintains that the political cultural units should be congruent, that they should match Key components- nationalism is a political principle or political doctrine. Cultural and political principles should match. Hosbawn and Gellner claim that it is not nations that make nationalism, but the other way around: nationalism makes nations. 1/14/08 Anthony D Smith- argues against the modernity of nations. He argues that they are socially constructed from long standing ethnie ethnie’s evolve into something else. They continue to be relevant and eventually become nations ethnie - community with a collective name, common myth of decent, distinctive shated culture, a sense of solidarity, and an association with a specific territory. Such communities became the basis for the formation of modern territorialized nations. Nation - named community of history and culture, prossecing a unified territory, economy, mass education system and common legal rights. Ethnies vs. nation Ethnies have common myth of decent ethnies have an association with territory whereas the nation posses a unified territory. For smith- Nation = ethnie + modern attributes (unified education system, economy, legal rights) Nation = ethnie + State
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Lateral (or aristocratic) ethnie- sense of belongings to the group is territorially wide, but socially narrow. Class based across different ethnic groups and across different states. (example- queens and kings on nobel times were from different countries, ie prince marries daughter of other king) Socially limited to the nobility. Vertical (or demotic) ethnie- more compact geographical boundaries more socially diffused culture ie spreads across social classes greater degree of popular mobilization and fervor Example- culture is spread across more classes, aristocracy, bourgeoisie, and peasantry. Two roads to nationalism- Lateral nationalism (top-down): ethnic narrowing and social deepening of the idea of “nation” and who is a member --- education of the masses is key (overall need for people to feel like they are part of a larger group) the state is often the main agent of nationalism ( state has the ability to bring people together) Bureaucratic, fiscal , or violent incorporation.
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