artnotes.docx - Week 0 Evaluating political structures...

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Week 0 Evaluating political structures Hierarchy of figures Female figure is an allegory and they stand in as an idea for government Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger o Queen Elizabeth is standing on a map Perspective has illusionistic effect Week 1 Reading (Notes on PG 11-25) 11th century: rise of republican communes and such like governments Popolo: partisan maneuvers o Not for the common good but for the victor Townspeople were insignificant to the others Communes are private and voluntary organizations A real state, according to aristotle, should work towards higher virtue and good Republican commune was just an alliance Ambrogio Lorenzeeti: the fresno cycle o Medieval secular painting o Communicate political statement o Suffered severe damage o Constitute a greater political culture The Nine Governors and Defenders of the Commune Stones define the city, 30 miles enough to manage Main entrances oriented to the north and south, 27+ gates Limestone was material of preferences Location of less noble trades were away from travellers and noble people, the locations of things reflected the political disorder 3 political units responding to one branch of the Y shape o Each has equal representation in the council o citta , camollia, san martino o 36 popoli, sixth lire, 200+ contrade Center of the town represent the elite and royalty Palazzo publicco was the meeting place of the commune of siena Most candidates for election were middle upper class business men The Nines office was located in Palazzo pubblico Age of Despots A tyrant rules unlawfully, with no regard to the interests of others Lecture Globe provides expanded idea of the world for Europeans Renaissance is about discovering knowledge and finding unity, idealized concepts
Hans Holbein, The Ambassadors o Celestial and terrestrial globe o Music provides a new sense of sensation o Pork Chop sleeves presented on the man o Bishop and french ambassador o Gesture of his elbow, embody a particular expectation for portraits o Turkish carpet: repetition of pattern that is parallel and continuous to picture plane Conveys the idea of travel and importing of luxury goods Accumulation of artifacts o Reference to his age o Repetition of shapes in the wooden objects Circular forms are repeated o Naturalism: the painter is convincing us we are experiencing this encounter with the two men o Lower level Broken string on instrument: suggests dangers of travel, anxieties of pursuits these men are involved with, makes us aware of the fact this is a painting, a representation o Period that is also associated with personal and professional risks o Globe emphasizing on europe Terrestrial globe o Skull is depicted like a rye A blur, unlike naturalism in the rest of the image Skull comes into focus when the audience shifts Anamorphosis A play on perspective, clever mechanism that allows the artist to move

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