CL20Lec15TermAugustanRome - Augustan Rome The Power of...

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Unformatted text preview: Augustan Rome: The Power of Images images and monuments of Caesar Augustus Prima Porta Statue villa of Livia, his wife representations on the breastplate; gesture of address (adlocutio) Parthian foe and return of the military standards (vengeance for defeat of Crassus) personification of provinces (East and West); Apollo and Diana; sphinx Architecture in Augustan Rome Roman Forum - Republican temples, shrines and statues (Sacra Via) (amphitheaters, triumphal arches and theaters belong to age of the emperors) restored 82 shrines and temples "I found Rome a city built of bricks; I leave her clothed in white marble." Temple of Divine Julius Roman Forum, dedicated 18 August 29 B.C.E. (cult established in 42 B.C.E.) altar for the god and speaker's platform (Actian rostra); only foundations remain Temple of Apollo Palatine Hill, dedicated 9 October 28 B.C.E. (vowed as early as 36 B.C.E.) Greek and Latin library; only podium and flight of steps remain Forum of Julius Caesar planned by Caesar; finished by Augustus (18 August 29 B.C.E.) Temple of Venus Genetrix (Venus the Creator, Mother of the Family) Forum of Augustus adjacent to the Roman Forum; perpendicular to Forum of Julius Caesar centerpiece - Temple of Mars Ultor (Mars the Avenger) vowed at battle of Philippi in 42 B.C.E.; not dedicated until 1 August 2 B.C.E. two hemi-cycles of heroes (family of Caesars AND greatest men of Rome) double theme of vengeance - assassination of Caesar and defeat of Crassus Pantheon Campus Martius, dedicated 28 B.C.E. first by Marcus Agrippa (original dedication) rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian in second century C.E. (St. Mary of the Martyrs 609) domed building; one of the best preserved buildings of ancient Rome Altar of Augustan Peace (Ara Pacis Augustae) originally vowed 4 July 13 B.C.E., dedicated 30 January 9 B.C.E. Campus Martius, commemorated return from Spain and Gaul in 9 B.C.E. Benito Mussolini and Richard Meier procession of Augustus, his family and chief officials and priests of the state Female Figure: allegory and symbolism Mausoleum of Augustus Campus Martius, uncertain date (ca. 28 B.C.E.) in response to Antony's will and decision to be buried in Egypt? disputed architectural influences (Etruscan or Eastern) Marcellus, nephew of Augustus, first to be buried (23 B.C.E.) Theater of Marcellus third stone theater (first in Rome, Theater of Pompey) dedicated 13 or 11 B.C.E. 10,000 -14,000 spectators finishing up Wednesday's lecture Vergil and Augustus (1) Speech of Jupiter Book 1, lines 347-98, pages 12-14 Aeneas, Ascanius, Romulus and Trojan Caesar Remus and unholy Furor (2) Parade of Heroes in the Underworld Book 6, lines 1014-1210, pages 186-91 Romulus and Augustus Caesar and Pompey "matched in brilliant armor" Marcellus, son of Octavia, nephew of Augustus (ca. 42-23 B.C.E.) (3) Shield of Aeneas Book 8, lines 847-986, pages 252-56 Romulus and Remus; rape of Sabines; treachery of Mettius Fufetius; Sack by the Gauls; Catiline and Cato; Battle of Actium representation of Cleopatra ("never turning her head as yet to see / twin snakes of death behind") ...
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