CL20Lec20TermGladiators - Gladiators in the Arena Origins...

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Gladiators in the Arena Origins of Gladiatorial Combats Etruscan according to Greek historian Nicolaus of Damascus (Athenaeus) Etruscan origins of word lanista (trainer of gladiators) Etruscan god Charon resembles Dis Pater, god who escorts gladiators’ corpses from arena or Campanian (Campania, region in southern Italy) first permanent amphitheaters built here Samnite gladiator type (tribe from this region) Wall paintings at Paestum (colony of Sybaris, Posidonia) ca. 370-340 B.C.E . Funeral Games of Junius Brutus Pera (264 B.C.E .) put on by his sons Marcus and Decimus three pairs fought to death in Forum Boarium number of pairs increases in succeeding years Julius Caesar and gladiators public games ( ludi ) gladiators, actors and prostitutes munus (gift) gladiatorial show Gladiatorial Schools ( ludus gladiatorius ) schools ( ludi ) were set up and run by a trainer ( lanista ) training and recruitment of gladiators troop of gladiators known as family ( familia gladiatoria ) Iuliana (Julius Caesar) and Neroniana (Emperor Nero)
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  • Fall '00
  • Gurval
  • Gladiator, Flavian Amphitheater, gladiators public games, gladiators earliest representations, Gladiatorial Combats Etruscan, Gnaeus Alleius Nigidus Maius

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