List-of-medical-roots-suffixes-and-prefixes-Wikipedia.pdf - List of medical roots suffixes and prefixes This is a list of roots suffixes and prefixes

List-of-medical-roots-suffixes-and-prefixes-Wikipedia.pdf -...

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List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology , their meanings, and their etymology . Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary . There are a few general rules about how they combine. First, prefixes and suffixes , most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin , have a droppable -o- . As a general rule, this -o- almost always acts as a joint-stem to connect two consonantal roots, e.g. arthr- + -o- + logy = arthrology . But generally, the -o- is dropped when connecting to a vowel-stem; e.g. arthr- + itis = arthritis , instead of *arthr-o-itis . Second, medical roots generally go together according to language, i.e., Greek prefixes occur with Greek suffixes and Latin prefixes with Latin suffixes. Although international scientific vocabulary is not stringent about segregating combining forms of different languages, it is advisable when coining new words not to mix different lingual roots. Prefixes and suffixes The following is an alphabetical list of medical prefixes and suffixes, along with their meanings, origin, and English examples. A Root Meaning Origin language and etymology Examples a- , an- not, without Ancient Greek -/ ν - ( a-/an- ), not, without analgesic , apathy ab- from; away from Latin abduction abdomin- Of or relating to the abdomen Latin abd ō men , abdomen, fat around the belly abdomen , abdominal -ac pertaining to Greek - ακός ( -akos ) cardiac , hydrophobiac acanth- thorn or spine Ancient Greek κανθα ( ákantha ), thorn acanthion, acanthocyte , acanthoma , acanthulus acou- [1] Of or relating to hearing Greek κούειν ( akoúein ), κουστικός ( akoustikós ), of or for hearing acoumeter , acoustician , hyperacusis acr- extremity, topmost Greek κρον (akron), highest or farthest point acrocrany , acromegaly , acroosteolysis , acroposthia -acusis hearing Greek κουστικός ( akoustikós ), of or for hearing paracusis -ad toward, in the direction of dorsad ad- at, increase, on, toward Latin adduction aden- Of or relating to a gland Ancient Greek δήν , δέν - (ad ē n, aden-), an acorn; a gland adenocarcinoma , adenology , adenotome , adenotyphus Of or relating to fat or fatty
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adip- tissue Latin ( adeps , adip-), fat Adipocyte adren- Of or relating to adrenal glands Latin adrenal artery -aemia ( BrE ) blood condition Greek ναι μ ία , without blood Anaemia aer(o)- air, gas Greek ήρ , έρος Aerosinusitis aesthesi- (BrE) sensation Greek α σθησις Anesthesia -al pertaining to Latin -alis abdominal , femoral alb- Denoting a white or pale color Latin albus , white Albino alge(si)- pain Greek λγος Analgesic -algia , alg(i)o- pain Greek Myalgia all- Denoting something as different, or as an addition Ancient Greek λλος (allos), another, other Alloantigen , allopathy ambi- Denoting something as positioned on both sides; describing both of two Latin (ambi-, ambo), both, on both sides Ambidextrous amni- Pertaining to the membranous fetal sac (amnion) Greek μ νιον Amniocentesis amph(i)- ,
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