psych CHAPTER 9.pdf - Tuesday PSYCHOLOGY chapter 9 Prenatal Development Teratogens • Anything that can affect pregnant mom and baby Generally

psych CHAPTER 9.pdf - Tuesday PSYCHOLOGY chapter 9 Prenatal...

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Tuesday, October 16, 2018 PSYCHOLOGY chapter 9 Prenatal Development - Teratogens Anything that can a ff ect pregnant mom and baby - Generally negative Radiation Sickness Alcohol - Most criitcal during the first 3 months The development of the brain occurs during the first 3 moths - Spinal cord then brainstem After brain stem neurons crawl up the spinal cord (MIGRATION) and create lobes? - Teratogens create under or over migrations Under - They stop before they get where they are suppose to be going FAS-fetal alcohol syndrome - Over migration End up going past where they need to be - Super big heads Childhood: Physical Development - Motor development Why didn’t they start out teaching with Script? 1
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Tuesday, October 16, 2018 - Writing script demands the fine motor skills and if they were to start in kindergarten and they don’t have those fine motors skills to be able to do that so must start with print and hen go to script - Can teach them the fine motor movement at that age - The fine motor movement is based on the development of the brain and their brain isn’t developed enough to write it - Once the cerebellum develops more they are able to write script more easily - Perceptual Development Visual - Vision when you are first born is bad - Newbies are super near-cited can really only see an adult’s arm length cant see the moon in the sky - 6-8 months Get really good at detecting depth cues Right around the time when they start climbing they start having visual cli ff experiments - Two tables with glass in-between Moms on other end and baby crawls right across but eventually the baby gets more hesitant Auditory - Close to adult when born - Can dintingush sounds easily - They get bored really easily - If they hear the same sound over and over again they’ll get bored but when they hear a new sound they wont be - Newborn- can distinguish sounds they’re familiar with and sounds they’re not Familiar with moms voice Not as familiar with dads voice 2
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Tuesday, October 16, 2018 Usually when they hear a familiar sound they’ll turn away but when they hear moms voice (they are familiar) they don’t turn away because it is nurturing to them cant distinguish dads voice w another male voice Can distinguish moms voice w another lady’s voice Childhood: Cognitive development - Jean Piaget’s Cognitive- development theory Most influential in terms of CD Based on two fraternal twin concepts Bambi - First thing we have is the way we view the world (SCHEMA) when we learn new thing sin the world we try to fit in it our schema - (that is called ASSIMILATION) Assimilation: fitting into an existing schema - Bambi: learns bird Bird in Bambis world is anything that flies - A butterfly lands on his tail and he calls it a bird - Not all fits into our existing schema ^ in that case he’s wrong Gets corrected and calls a butterfly a butterfly and then sees flowers and calls those butterflies (butterflys are anything w color) -
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