Discussion.doc - CHAPTER 5 \u2013 DISCUSSION The chapter entails insight into the aspects associated with the options of treatment considered for people

Discussion.doc - CHAPTER 5 u2013 DISCUSSION The chapter...

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CHAPTER 5 – DISCUSSION The chapter entails insight into the aspects associated with the options of treatment considered for people presented with an advanced stage of cancer. The encompassed systematic review of succinct and cohesive literature of the published research studies focuses on the research aspect highlighted earlier, alongside the elaboration of effectiveness resulting from the utilization of those treatment options at individual level diagnosed with cervical cancer. 5.1 Chapter Overview For the purpose of systematic review, six research studies have been included, while the selection of these studies was based on their alignment with the research topic related to the option of treatment. These studies were conducted specially in the South Asian region, as the patient population was recruited on the basis of their diagnoses of cervical cancer in the Nepal and India. In addition to this, a comparison was drawn by the inclusion of the selected articles for analysing the effectiveness projected by the treatment options available for the cervical cancer. Simultaneously, the significance posed by the options of cervical cancer treatment were examined by the aligning with the aspects of survival rate among the patient population. Another major factors that has been entailed with toxicity caused the treatment for cervical cancer. 5.2 Discussion Cervical cancer is considered as one of the main concern posed to public health in the world. As in other regions of the world, cervical cancer prevalence in South Asia is growing. Advances in technology have improved the cervical cancer treatment of patients in South Asia
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(Sreedevi, Javed and Dinesh, 2015). However, cervical cancer mortality in South Asian countries is quite high. Alone in India, around 122,844 women are presented with the clinical condition each year. Furthermore, it has been reported that the second most common cause of cancer among women within the age group of 15 to 44 in South Asia is cervical cancer (Sreedevi et al. 2015). Dutta, Biswas, and Muhkherjee (2013) stated that In India, the most populous country in South Asia, there is evidence that some (85%) of all cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed in later stages. The countries of South Asia are developing countries where the population could have disagreements on health and inequality (Sreedevi et al. 2015). In South Asia there is no national screening program, so people living in these countries are likely to have differences in detection, treatment and survival (Sreedevi et al. 2015). The analysis of opinion polls shows that the coverage for screening cervical cancer in underdevelopment countries around the world is about 19%, while in developed countries, the screening of cancer screening of the cervix is about 63% (Sreedevi et al. 2015). Among the countries of South Asia, Bangladesh has the lowest screening coverage for cervical cancer, while the coverage of cervical cancer screening is only 1%. Among all women living in South Asia, older women in less favourable socioeconomic conditions are less likely to be screened for cervical cancer.
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