The Revelation - CHRI 4292 Senior Seminar Revelations June...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

CHRI 4292 Senior Seminar: Revelations June 6, 2007 Characteristics of Apocalyptic Literature Primary Eschatological This is not the developed chronological idea we see talked about today. It’s a panoramic time. Dualistic This is not in the Gnostic sense of spirit= good, flesh= evil, but this is a cosmic sense of there is always a constant conflict between good and evil. Deterministic Not in a fatalistic sense, but in the sense that the end is determined… Good wins. God wins. Historically Conditional Identified Written for their time, usually arising out of hard times. Have even been nicknamed “tracts for hard times” Secondary Visions Images Combinations of human/animal images in Revelations… Symbols Ex. Numbers – carry messages Jewish numerology; 1- Unity, but not singularity; 2- Added strength and companionship; 3- Divine (faith, hope, and love); 4- Four Corners of the earth, Four seasons; 6- Incomplete, and depending on context symbolizes evil ; 7- Completion and Perfection; 10- Human number, 10 Israelites could form a synagogue, 10 fingers, toes; 12- Organized Religion, People of God number, ex. 12 baskets- enough left over for all of God’s people
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Multiples of these numbers are for emphasis or intensity Fractions of these numbers indicate partiality Authorship John the Apostle It’s also possible that a community started by John, and even possibly later led by another man (prophet) named John, developed the Johannine literature. Why is he writing? The Revelation is generally dated 96-98 A.D. The fact that John was exiled to Patmos rather than executed shows that he possibly had some pull with the Roman authorities. Domitian would have been emperor and there’s not a lot of evidence, other than anecdotal, that Domitian heavily persecuted Christians, though the “emperor cult” was popular in some areas. The other possibilities are that John is writing earlier or perhaps looking back on either the Nero-nian persecutions of 64-66 AD or even on the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem. Other possibilities are that John is addressing Gnosticism or even just the political situation, portraying the battle of good v. evil in an effort to get the Church to step out of complacency and wake them up to the evil they’re really embracing. The language of the book however does indicate a persecution situation, though it may not be as intense as the extremity of the Nero-nian persecution, nonetheless it is extreme enough with possibility to become extreme. The Revelation The word “revelation” is “apocalypsis” or “unveiling.” One idea is that John wrote the book in this way to protect the readers from persecution because it was subversive literature. This is probably wrong. John chose the apocalyptic methodology because it allowed him to convey the vividness of his message. However, the method does not dictate the message. John used the apocalyptic method to deliver his message.
Image of page 2
In Ephesus, there was a stage (some of the remains still there) and behind this stage, there was a structure with 7 window lights.
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern