INTD 200: Post Development Discourse - Post Development...

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1/28/19Post Development Discourse-Development as a “fantasy” of the Third World?Paradigm shift in the 1990s-New IdeasHuman DevelopmentEconomists started saying we can use cultural impact on economicsCultural paradigmPost-development discourse (anthropologists)Why is development a nightmare?Escobars idea is that development is a cultural impairmentCentral issue: Hegemony of development“Development is a histroically produced discourse that created a space in which only certain discourse could be said and even imagined” (Encountering Development)In development disocurse only certain ideas are permittedJames Ferguson (1990)Book: The Anti-Politics MachineHe talked about: (wordband)Discursive dominanceImagination (invention)Biases/false representationConstruction of “others”Superiority (power relation)Us vs. othersus=developed countries, others=countries not as advancedWhy do development actors construct a “fantasy’?Why?It is appealing to the donorPrioritization of the donor’s interestsJustification of goals and budgetsGoals and budgets should be more clear, or well fitting to what donors arethinking about development

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