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Unformatted text preview: Joseph Dombrosky Professor Manley March 9, 2008 TA: Sam Shpall Essay #2 Comparison of Ancient Conceptions of Meaning Two ancient views that have been used to not only understand the meaning of life but also in how to achieve that meaning are those of Aristotle and Plato. Both metaphysical views provide ways in which we, as humans, should act in order to pursue meaning. Plato utilizes his description of Socrates’ death in the Phaedo to describe his views. Arguing that the philosopher should be prepared to die (CR, Phaedo p. 1), Plato establishes his view that death allows for “purification [by] separate[ing] the soul from the body.” This leads into the further point that separates entities into two groupings. The first is that of the Forms, which includes those things that are immaterial and perfect, such as the soul. The second is that of the Shadows, which includes those things that change and have flux, such as the body (CR, Phaedo , p. 4). All of these establishing points lead into Plato’s main argument, that to achieve “the good life,” man...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PHIL 155g taught by Professor Manley during the Spring '08 term at USC.
- Spring '08