Midterm 2 Review

Midterm 2 Review - 3/20 Commercial Virtues and the Consumer...

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3/20 Commercial Virtues and the Consumer Holiday Concerning the Vicksburg lynching I believe this was the event he was talking about (correct me if I’m wrong) Anti-Gambling Crusades/ Vicksburg lynching: ( Beginning of the 1830’s to the end of the 19 th Cent.) Universities, churches etc. would raise money through the lottery but stopped because it was seen as immoral. American as a whole banned gambling in most states. The act of gambling brought about disruptive behavior at times. Vicksburg lynching: For instance, in 1835 a man by the name of Francis K. was caught drunk having climbed on a table and was tossed out of the BBQ but later came back with a gun. He was taken down by a group and lynched for his behavior. As a result the citizens told all pro gamblers to leave town in 24 hrs. This instance overall became a broader attack on all gamblers where raids occurred and the destruction of faro tables took place. It was a problematic form of economic behavior. Gambling became demonized and was used as a negative analogy like wage slavery. For example, gamblers relied on luck (sudden unearned wealth). It was as if they did not have values for the market. Gambling was being attacked because it mimicked and defied the logic of the market. Protestant ethics: Market economics promote autonomy and self-discipline supports protestant ethics. Protestantism emphasizes particular forms of economic behavior / you are chosen, destined, promise keeping, save money, not casual with money, provided some necessity psychological for humanitarianism. They contributed to the market not by thrift. Some felt there was pre-destination but there were also others that took the evangelical model, believing that a person can prepare themselves to conversion. They were socially fluid, longing for new world of goods. Like, Cornucopia- fantasy that individual can be transformed into a world of goods. Commercialization of holidays: Characteristic feature of modern America. The market economy encouraged people to consume (self transformative act of consumption). During this time there were a lot of take offs such as growth of the middle class, urbanization, and mobility. Market was seen to foreign visitors as equality because market democratized. It wanted to spread ideology/trapping. More people saw themselves as gentle and refined. Being gentle was some polite display of certain things from the market place, that you were away from the common people. This was a world of consumer goods. As a result most holidays had acts of consumer spending. Holidays used to be devoid of ads but now was the opposite. Valentine’s Day: Feb. 14 th . Was not celebrated til’ 1840. Was a Saints day that started in England then spread to America. Early generation of colonist stripped holidays of England (most traditional holidays). Reinforced by onset of new forms of labor. In the 1840’s rediscovered/ reinvented as modern day exchange. Occurred mainly in city by civil war 1861. V- day became a major holiday especially in New York. 3 million cards
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course HISTORY 122AC taught by Professor Davidhenkin during the Spring '08 term at Berkeley.

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Midterm 2 Review - 3/20 Commercial Virtues and the Consumer...

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