Midterm 2 Review2 - History 122 AC 2nd Midterm Notes 2/22...

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History 122 AC: 2 nd Midterm Notes 2/22 1831: Revolutionaries, Liberators, and Apologists Gradualism - a strategy of antislavery supporters to work within the system with cooperation of slaveholders. It was the dominant form of antislavery agitation. It died in the 1830’s because of the str ident rhetoric of slaveholders. In America, the primary goal of gradualism was colonization. American Colonization Society - founded in 1860 to promote the colonization of Africa by free slaves. It was central in the founding of Liberia, and its goal of colonization united both proslavery and antislavery proponents. In 1855, the unity was shattered when this goal was attacked by both sides. Liberia - the intended destination and future home of emancipated slaves. It was central to the goals of colonization and gradualism. The American Colonization Society played a central role in bringing freed blacks to Liberia. The idea of sending freed blacks to Africa was highly criticized by immediatists like Walker. They didn’t see Africa as their homeland; America was ! David Walker - author of Appeal to the Colored Citizens , a pamphlet written in 1830. He was both a late preacher and a used arms dealer, who used his connections to sew his pamphlets into the lining of clothes he sold. The importance of his pamphlet was the clear visibility of black rage targeted at colonization which set off fervor in the North and repression in the South. William Lloyd Garrison - born in 1805, he was a printer and editor of newspapers in the late 1820’s. He was the founding figure of immediatism and the antislavery newspaper named The Liberator . It was a less militant example of the abolitionist movement Eradication w/out compensation was a VERY radical idea; the British gave compensation and gradually eradicated. The idea to end slavery without paying slave owners for it was novel. Immediatism - founded by William Garrison in the 1830’s, it provided a contrasting model to the antislavery strategy of gradualism. It claimed that slavery was evil, and promoted an immediate abolition of slavery without compensation and the responsibility of all humanity to eradicate the contamination of slavery, which immediatists viewed as a sin. Marked the beginning of the abolitionist perspective that we all now have today; its hard to believe anyone seriously was proslavery. Shifted the debate to either pro or anti slavery with few options in between The Liberator - an antislavery publication started in 1831 by William Garrison. It was published weekly in Boston until the end of slavery. It was a symbol of the radical abolitionist movement. Nat Turner - a Virginian slave and self-anointed minister, he led a slave revolt in 1831 after viewing a solar eclipse. He and the 60 slaves who followed him murdered 55 whites, and were put down by the South. Though Antebellum America saw few slave revolts compared to other slave-holding countries of the time, this one exception led to serious repercussions against slaves in the South.
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