GLOBE PaperIntercultural competence is the knowledge, skills, and dispositional attributes necessary to effectively and appropriately communicate with individuals from other cultures. Understanding intercultural competence is crucial, especially when conducting business. The United States (US) is a diverse country for its various cultures, in contrast to Japan. Although there are differences in culture for both countries, they also share many similarities. This paper studies the similarities and differences between the US and Japan using Globe’s nine cultural dimensions.Performance orientation can be identified as the extent to which an organization or society encourages and rewards group members for performance improvement and excellence (Grove, n.d.). The US scored 4.49 and Japan scored 4.22. The results are in the average range and close in range because both countries hold some form of value for performance orientation. For instance, in contemporary Japan a low ranking individual can become a manager if his or herperformance is good. Some organizations within the US provide incentives/bonuses for their workers, when performances and or production have improved. When employees are recognizedfor superior performance and production, this increases morale and job satisfaction within the organization. The Uncertainty Avoidance trait is the extent to which members of an organization or society strive to avoid uncertainty by reliance on social norms, rituals, and bureaucratic practices to alleviate the unpredictability of future events (Grove, n.d.). The US scored 4.15 in uncertainty avoidance, which was an average globe score. In contrast, Japan is one of the highest uncertainty avoidance countries in the world. The Japanese predict what the future will hold.