Unformatted text preview: SCOM 102 "I'm stressed about my speech about Stress" Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the very perceptible stress occurring within college students. Central Idea: To inform my audience about the different types and causes of stress, the physiological aspect of stress, its harmful affects, and beneficial methods of coping with stress. Introduction I. Exhausted from the previous two nights of heavy college partying, I finally decide to begin brainstorming ideas about what to write my informative speech on. A. I mean I will admit it: college is hard-work! It is almost impossible to find enough time to accomplish those highly important tasks. B. could not start it last week because I was too busy with three midterms. C. I planned on working on it on Friday, but then shopping and going out took over. D. I still tried to find research for my topic, but I just could not make it sound interesting. II. Before I could catch up, I became STRESSED out. A. I had less than two days to finish my speech and I didn't like my topic. B. My body was fatigued and my head was pounding. C. I was extremely irritable and mad at myself for procrastinating; I wanted to scream in frustration! D. On top of that my boyfriend made a surprise visit from Sacramento, stealing even more of my limited time. III. Luckily, this stress influenced me to change my topic to: Stress. A. We've all experienced it; in fact, our speeches may have been the cause of it. B. According to UCLA's Higher Education Research Institute, college freshman are more stressed out than any other class due to the brand new and unfamiliar environment they are placed in and the fact that they are away from everything they were used to like family and friends (Donatelle, 68). C. Since stress is such a prominent portion that consumes our daily lives, I am going to talk about the most common causes and types of stress, what happens to our bodies psychologically, its effects, and ways of coping with it. (Transition: Ill start with the basic definition of stress and the different types and causes.) Body I. According to Donatelle, the author of Health, stress is the mental and physical responses of our bodies to the changes and challenges in our lives (Donatelle, 56). A. There are different types of stresses that strain and damage our body: 1. Eustress is a positive stress like weddings, graduations, or planning vacations. 2. Distress is a negative stress and can hurt ones health (funerals, failing a test, or financial problems). B. Donatelle lists common everyday stressors: 1. Change, hassles, pressure, inconsistent goals and behaviors, conflict, overload, burnout, and discrimination. C. Noise is a huge distressor that many of us do not even realize. D. There are also personality traits and gender differences that correlate with ones prone to stress. 1. Type-A personalities are more prone to stress than type-B personalities. 2. Women suffer from stress almost twice as much as men (http://www.cs.umd.edu/users/meesh/Activeminds/facts.html). (Transition: Now we'll take a look at what happens to our body in response to a stressful event.) II. From the moment a stressor occurs our body goes through a series of phases that make up the general adaptation syndrome which was first described in 1936 by Hans Selye. A. The first phase accompanying a stressor is the alarm phase. 1. Here our body prepares itself for the "fight or flight" response. 2. The sympathetic and parasympathetic systems work together to control the negative effects of stress. 3. These systems affect our body by doing such things as increasing heart rate, tightening muscles, or dilating pupils. B. The second stage is the resistance phase. 1. Our body tries to return to homeostasis, its normal balanced state. . C. The last stage is the exhaustion phase. 1. Here, the body's energy stores are depleted which weakens our immune systems. (Transition: The depletion of these energy stores weaken the immunity system and with time can cause harmful effects.) III. Stress affects us in numerous ways. A. with stress we are more vulnerable to sickness and disease. 1. The National College Health Assessments reported that stress related symptoms such as the cold and flu effect 21.2% of college students. 2. Stress is also correlated with heart disease, cancer, suicide, memory loss, and even obesity. 3. Stress is linked to anxiety disorders which are the most common mental illness in America; in fact, these disorders cost the U.S. $46.6 billion each year! B. In addition, stress affects ones mind and mood. 1. Stress makes us depressed, irritable, and angry. 2. It harms relationships. 3. According to the National Health College Assessments, stress was the number one factor affecting college student's academic performance. 4. In fact, 25% of college students want to drop out because of stress. (Transition): With these harmful effects of stress we should definitely take a look at how to deal and prevent them. IV. One can cope with stress physically and cognitively. A. To help reduce stress: 1. Plan ahead, use good time management techniques, eat healthy, sleep adequately, exercise, discuss your feeling, and relax or meditate. B. Think about stress in a different manner: 1. Change your responses and do not react too hastily. 2. Use an optimistic style of thinking. 3. Realize that stressing over something does not help the situation, it only worsens it further. C. And, finally, if the stress is just too unbearable, seeking professional help as in college counselors or support groups are much suggested. Conclusion I. Remember when I was stressed out about my speech? A. Well now I'm just about complete and it makes me wonder...why did I ever stress out in the first place? II. I hope that understanding what goes on in your body when you're stressed and recognizing the causes and effects of it will help all of you manage, cope, and prevent such things like umm...I don't know, you're hair from falling out. ...
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- Fall '05
- Stress, Eustress, B. Donatelle, perceptible stress