POL115 - Week 2 - Congress and the President - Rough Draft.docx - Structure and Makeup of Congress Article 1 of the Constitution of the United States of

POL115 - Week 2 - Congress and the President - Rough Draft.docx

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Structure and Makeup of Congress:Article 1 of the Constitution of the United States of America grants Congress with many, very important, powers including: overseeing and managing the budget and all financially related matters, the introduction of new legislation, confirming or rejection judicial and executive nominations, and even declaring war. The structure of Congress is bicameral (two-chamber). Bicameralism is the division of legislators into two separate assemblies, the Senate, and the House of Representatives. This structure of Congress that we are so familiar with is the result of the Great Compromise. It was proposed that a bicameral Congress was the solution. As a result, we now have a Senate, which includes two representatives from each state in the United States and the House of Representatives, which includes various numbers of representatives from each state. That number is based on the population in that state, which leads to largely populated states having more representatives than the smaller or lower populated states. To this day, we still follow the original system that was created and established at the Constitutional Convention, which requires that both the House of Representatives and the Senate pass identical bills or legislation. “In 1929, an agreement was reached to permanently cap the number of seats in the House at 435” (Krutz & Waskiewicz, 2017, p. 121). Differences between the House of Representatives and the Senate:435 members in the house100 members in the senateNumber of members per state in the house is 1 or more, based on population in their stateNumber of members per state in the senate is 2
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