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Ganea article presentation - Cortney Shaddox General From...

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Cortney Shaddox General From Experiment 1: The mental state of the person is more important for pretense then it is for the actions of the person to match the animal they’re representing. This study wants to replicate the findings of Experiment 1, and also see if action is sufficient for pretense , that is, even if the person voices that they do not want to be a kangaroo, or isn’t trying to be a kangaroo, if their actions mimic a kangaroo, children will still see them as pretending. Experiment 2 36 children (from 3;7 to 5;11, divided into 2 groups, 4-year-olds vs. 5-year-olds) see 4 different episodes: Two “old” (same episodes as used in Experiment 1) episodes were shown so as to allow for comparison of results across experiments. Same control questions, pretense and think questions (“Is she pretending to be a frog?”; “Is she thinking about the frog or the umbrella?”) were asked as in Experiment 1. Children were given an intention question (“Is she trying to be a frog or not?). Two new episodes: 2 female protagonists in each episode, one says she’s pretending to be an animal (bear or bird) and the other says she’s doing something else (looking for her keys or dancing), but both women’s actions were the same.
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